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Ankara Üniversitesi (2021)

Investigation of interactions between spatial distribution of wind erosion and soil surface connectivity by direct measurements and prediction models

KAPLAN Sema

Titre : Investigation of interactions between spatial distribution of wind erosion and soil surface connectivity by direct measurements and prediction models

Rüzgâr erozyonunun konumsal dağılımı ve toprak yüzeyi bağlantısallığı arasındaki etkileşimlerin doğrudan ölçümler ve tahmin modelleri ile araştırılması

Auteur : KAPLAN Sema

Université de soutenance : Ankara Üniversitesi

Grade : Doctorat 2021

Résumé
There is a need for development of sustainable land use practices and management strategies and assessment of potential current and future trends in arid and semi-arid regions. This thesis was conducted to determine wind erosion risks for 11 different wind cases experienced over wheat-planted and fallow lands under semi-arid arid conditions with the use of direct measurements and different estimation models. BEST® sediment traps were used to determine severity of wind erosion with direct measurements in field. Two different wind erosion estimation models were used to estimate soil loss through wind cases throughout the experiments. The semi-variogram model parameters obtained through geostatistical analyses were used to determine the factors influencing maximum likelihood distance for sediment flow rate of both plots. Efficiency of some artificial intelligence algorithms were also tested to determine the factors effecting soil losses and to estimate soil loss ratios. According to present findings, soil loss was encountered in both wheat-planted and fallow plots (kg/m2). Wheat-planted plot was found to be quite sensitive to wind erosion in autumn, in which winter cereals are sown and fallow plot was found to be sensitive to wind erosion in spring season. Among the estimation models, calibrated RWEQ model yielded the best outcomes. Model results revealed that models should be calibrated for local conditions, otherwise they may yield lower or greater estimations. According to geostatistical analyses results, cover was identified as the most significant factor influencing maximum likelihood distance for sediment flow rates in fallow plot and wind velocity and cover were identified as the most significant parameters in wheat-planted plot. Promising outcomes were achieved for estimation of wind erosion-induced soil losses with the use of artificial intelligence algorithms.

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Page publiée le 30 décembre 2022