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İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi (2019)

The evaluation of the role of the courtyards in traditional Gaziantep houses in context of local data

ŞAHİN Mustafa

Titre : The evaluation of the role of the courtyards in traditional Gaziantep houses in context of local data

Geleneksel Gaziantep evlerindeki avluların rolünün yerel veriler bağlamında değerlendirilmesi

Auteur : ŞAHİN Mustafa

Université de soutenance : İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi

Grade : Master 2019

Résumé partiel
Courtyard houses exhibit an evidentiary image which refers a unity : unity of individual and architectural space together being in the world. This is related to an ontological basis and indicates an transcendent form of being. The very first notable attribution of a courtyard house is often its direct relation to open-air. This attribution gives the courtyard a distinctive quality. The quality of being an outdoor space within the borders of a building. By this, courtyard houses connect interior and exterior. As a consequence, a new level of unity could be formed. Yet, by the attendance of individuals to the architectural space, it is possible to reach a higher level unity : Architectural unity. By the role, of the courtyards in traditional Gaziantep houses, which evaluated in the context of local data, and a new typological classification of the traditional courtyard houses in Gaziantep, a wholistic approach is exerted. This approach could be useful in order to grasp the city and other settlements that have similar natural and cultural attributes. The first chapter starts with a general introduction. Following that, the next section contains, key concepts and a series of fundamental questions about meaning in architecture . The very first and basic question asked at beginning of the study, stated by "Does an architectural object have a meaning beyond its physicality ?" After a process which includes phenomenological, ontological and semiological investigation about the question, the research gravitate towards an phenomenological and ontological field. From that point, series of findings are defined. One of the most important findings is the meaning of an architectural object can not be seperated by the subject : the individual who gets interaction with the object. This totality of architectural object and individual (as subject) forms a meaningful wholeness. In other words, people create architectural objects, and its meaning is constructed by people’s actions, senses, ideas etc. In that point of view, it has stated that, meaning of an architectural object is directly related to an architectural totality. Following these findings, and related to the idea of the wholeness and totality, courtyard houses and the traditional houses in Gaziantep have chosen as research objects. A personal interest and curiosity about a city’s forgotten past, its deserted architectural tradition and courtyard houses in general have led this work’s field of interest. The purpose of the research could be stated as investigation of the architectural totality by the scope of traditional Gaziantep houses and their courtyards. The scope of the research consists traditional houses in Gaziantep which built in a specific period (second half of 19th century and beginning of the 20th century). The houses built in that period are the ones which stand and able to investigate today. The neighbourhoods which the houses were built are the first settlement areas of Gaziantep.


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