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Bingöl Üniversitesi (2019)

Identifying and analyzing water resources of Zawita and Atrosh municipality (Duhok city, Iraq) for ecotourism using GIS

HAMID Harikar Mohammed Salih

Titre : Identifying and analyzing water resources of Zawita and Atrosh municipality (Duhok city, Iraq) for ecotourism using GIS

Zawita ve Atrosh belediyelerinde (Duhok şehri, Irak) CBS kullanarak ekoturizm için su kaynaklarının belirlenmesi ve analizi

Auteur : HAMID Harikar Mohammed Salih

Université de soutenance : Bingöl Üniversitesi

Grade : Master thesis 2019

Résumé
Water resources such as rivers, springs, ponds, and dams are the main centers of tourism attractions in rural parts of arid and semi-arid regions including the Kurdistan region of Iraq. Zawitta and Atrosh districts are the well-known touristic destinations for many local and regional tourists due to the various magnificent water resources. Water quality of these resources have not been sufficiently investigated ; therefore, this study was conducted to determine the water quality of some springs and ponds and map the spatial distribution of water quality parameters using GIS techniques. The study area is located in the northern part of Iraq and in the western part of the Duhok governorate in the Kurdistan Region. The area is situated between the 36. 87604 and 36.90292 N latitudes north and 43.00163 and 43.34493 E longitudes. The topography is generally mountainous with an elevation between 606 and 1026 m above sea level. The spatial variations of water quality parameters have been examined by using the ArcGIS software. The results revealed* that all water sources were alkaline in nature and also considered very hard in terms of hardness. The hydro-chemical results indicated that all water resources except sulfur springs were colorless and odorless. The concentrations of calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, chloride, and nitrate in all water samples, except sulfur springs were within the permissible limits of WHO standards for drinking. Electrical conductivity and total dissolved ion concentrations of most water samples were classified as moderately to highly mineralized, while water samples of sulfur spring and Duhok dam were classified as excessively mineralized.

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Page publiée le 1er janvier 2023