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Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) 2018

Conflitos territoriais e resistência da totalidade do trabalho frente ao agrohidronegócio fruticultor nas áreas de expansão dos perímetros irrigados no semiárido nordestino

França, Diego Pessoa Irineu de

Titre : Conflitos territoriais e resistência da totalidade do trabalho frente ao agrohidronegócio fruticultor nas áreas de expansão dos perímetros irrigados no semiárido nordestino

Territorial conflicts and resistance of the totality of work against fruultural agro-hydro-business in expansion areas of irrigated perimeters in the northeast semiarid

Auteur : França, Diego Pessoa Irineu de

Université de soutenance : Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)

Grade : Doutor em Geografia 2018

Résumé
The territorialization of agro-hydro-business in the northeastern semi-arid region redefined the forms of control over land, water, and labor, subjecting them to the purposes of expanded reproduction of capital. This process happened more intensively in the areas of Irrigated Perimeters-IPs, where state intervention created logistical and institutional mechanisms for the consolidation of the territorial monopoly exercisedby capital. On the one hand, national and transnational groups expand their areas of agricultural production destined for export (mango, pineapple, melon, banana, grape, etc.).On the other hand, social movements and subjects carry out diverse struggles against the hegemonic model that supports to this destructive process of nature and of the human being. In this context, the main objective of the present research was to understand the significance of the actions of resistance of the totality of the subjects that work, either when they contest the monopoly on land-water or when they oppose the forms of control and degradation of work, with strikes, campsites areas and rural communities, located within the Jaguaribe-Apodi-CE, Santa Cruz do Apodi-RN and Pontal-PE PIs. The study is based on the critical approach of Geography of work, which seeks to understand the contradictions of social processes, the estrangement and the precariousness of work in the context of territorial conflicts. From these references, we developed a qualitative and quantitative analysis, based on the information and data obtained through fieldwork experience, semi-structured interviews, bibliographic research and secondary data surveys, obtained from several public and private agencies. The thesis is structured in four main chapters. In the first, we approach the category of work in an abstract way, situating it as essential for the production of value, as well as a link of human emancipation. In the second, we describe the transformations in capital accumulation processes in the era of financialization, with emphasis on specific refutations on the privatization of nature and the degradation of work in fruit growing. In the third part, we analyze how the state role became indispensable to the consolidation of the model of agro-hydro-business fruit growers, especially through direct intervention, the forms of exemption, the easing of regulatory norms and / or the creation of a legitimizing consensus discourse for megaprojects. Finally, in the fourth chapter, we emphasize the experience of the resistance of the various segments of workers, who maintain a pendular movement between precarious employment, strikes, life in rural communities and in the fighting camps. The research, when uncovering the processes of degradation of labor by the fruiting capital, allowed us to understand that the forms of resistances arising within the structural contradictions of the metabolic system of capital point to the necessity and the historical possibility of the emancipation of the heterogeneous set of labor

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Page publiée le 7 janvier 2023