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University of the Witwatersrand (2021)

Effectiveness of water saving interventions under a shared water savings contract

Ndyamba, Victoria Chipili

Titre : Effectiveness of water saving interventions under a shared water savings contract

Auteur : Ndyamba, Victoria Chipili

Université de soutenance : University of the Witwatersrand

Grade : Master of Science (MS) in Engineering, 2021

Résumé partiel
Surface water comprises less than 0.01% of the total volume of water available in the water cycle ; however, most of the world’s population solely relies on surface water. Issues of rapid population growth, increased industrialisation, and climate change threaten the security of already limited surface water resources. South Africa is classified as semi-arid and a water scarce country, thus efficient management of water resources is of paramount importance. However, water mismanagement is occurring and it has been identified that the implementation of water saving interventions by end consumers, can reduce the impact of water mismanagement and water scarcity. In view of the issues of water scarcity and water mismanagement in South Africa, a shared water savings contract (SWSC) was initiated to reduce water consumption at institutional facilities within three provinces. The service provider had the mandate of implementing various water saving interventions intended to maximise the water savings at 164 facilities. The facilities consisted of judicial buildings, military/naval bases, police stations and prisons. The study sought to assess the effectiveness of the water saving interventions implemented under the SWSC, focusing on ; the significance of the water savings, how the combination of interventions affected the effectiveness of the water savings and the consistency of the water savings. Prior to the implementation of interventions, a monthly baseline consumption was determined using the facility’s historical water consumption. A total of eight water saving interventions could be implemented at a facility, based on the service provider’s investigations, and these included leak fixing, pressure management, and awareness campaigns. Some facilities had only one intervention implemented, while others had a combination of interventions implemented. Once water saving interventions were implemented at a facility, water savings were determined by comparing the consumption on the facility’s municipal water bill with the facility’s monthly baseline consumption

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