Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Doctorat → Afrique du Sud → 2021 → An evaluation of the Expanded Public Works Programme(EPWP) : South Africa’s employment creation tool

University of Pretoria (2021)

An evaluation of the Expanded Public Works Programme(EPWP) : South Africa’s employment creation tool

Sibanda, Nomazulu

Titre : An evaluation of the Expanded Public Works Programme(EPWP) : South Africa’s employment creation tool

Auteur : Sibanda, Nomazulu

Université de soutenance : University of Pretoria

Grade : PhD (Development Studies) 2021

Résumé partiel
South Africa is facing unprecedented levels of structural unemployment, threatening peace and national security. This chronic problem has its foundations in colonial and apartheid-era laws which propagated a separatist development approach, favouring White people over other races, and leading to intergenerational poverty, inequality and unemployment. However, despite the latter being a national challenge, women and youth bear the brunt of South Africa’s structural unemployment challenge. The efforts of the government to address the structural unemployment problem through several economic policies and strategies has yielded limited results. One of these strategies is a Public Works Programme (PWP) introduced in 1996 which was later expanded into a Public Employment Programme (PEP), the Expanded Public Works Programme (EPWP), in 2004 to provide temporary employment relief to the vulnerable and unskilled, focusing mainly on women, youth and people living with disabilities. This thesis analyses the effectiveness of the EPWP in contributing to solving the country’s unemployment challenge, especially among women and youth. The study uses a mixed approach to determine the active participation of women and youth in the EPWP and their chances of transitioning into the labour market. It also traces former EPWP participants to establish the extent to which they had integrated into the labour market and the challenges they encountered in accessing full-time employment opportunities. The study also solicited the views of the EPWP officials to get information which is not captured in the programme’s official reports. The analytical procedure involved document analysis, focusing on EPWP reports from phases One (1) to Three (3) of the programme, parliamentary, media and general labour market reports. Primary data was collected from the EPWP participants in townships in the Sol Plaatje Local Municipality (Roodepan, Greenpoint and Veregenoerg townships) and villages in the Joe Morolong Local Municipality (Gamothibi and Glenred). Former EPWP participants from Kimberley townships were also traced from the various provinces they have relocated to in search of employment opportunities.

Présentation

Version intégrale (3,7 Mb) *************

Page publiée le 5 janvier 2023