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Durban University of Technology (DUT) 2021

The evaluation of the quality of sanitation and stored water for domestic use in the Umlazi P Section informal settlement

Shangase, Simangaliso Idiom

Titre : The evaluation of the quality of sanitation and stored water for domestic use in the Umlazi P Section informal settlement

Auteur : Shangase, Simangaliso Idiom

Université de soutenance : Durban University of Technology (DUT)

Grade : Master of Health Science 2021

Résumé partiel
The quantity of water delivered and used for households is an important requirement for life as well as basic personal hygiene. Simple hygiene measures have become paramount due to corona-virus 2019 (Covid-2019). South Africa still lacks basic infrastructure to supply adequate quantities of water to all. This problem is exacerbated in the growing informal settlements where infrastructure is limited. A growing awareness shows contamination of water can occur during collection and storage. This results in the deterioration of water quality to the extent that the water becomes undrinkable. Contributing factors include the cleanliness of storage containers as well as the environment in which they are stored.

The aim of the study This study aimed to investigate the quality of stored water and the related handling of storage vessels after collection for domestic use at the informal settlement of the Umlazi P Section, in the south-west of Durban.

The study objectives The objectives of the study were to determine the knowledge and awareness of water contamination and how water resources can be protected. To discover the exposure of drinking water to waterborne pathogens due to poor storage and hygiene practices using a questionnaire. To test stored water samples for pathogenic organisms using acceptable laboratory methods and compare the findings for compliance with the South African Water Quality Guidelines for domestic use (SANS 241 : 2015). To test the pH levels and macroscopic appearance of stored water in order to assess the extent of natural organic and corrosive substances dissolved in domestic water. Study Design This was a descriptive cross-sectional quantitative study aimed at analysing data of exposure of Umlazi P section residents to contaminated water resources. Data collection entailed the administration of a questionnaire to 269 participants, including the laboratory analysis of water samples collected from water storage containers used in each household.

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Page publiée le 9 janvier 2023