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Accueil du site → Master → Afrique du Sud → 2022 → The potential impacts of hydraulic fracturing on Khoisan peoples’ sense of place : in the case of Karoo Region, South Africa

Nelson Mandela University (2022)

The potential impacts of hydraulic fracturing on Khoisan peoples’ sense of place : in the case of Karoo Region, South Africa

Tembe, Thandeka

Titre : The potential impacts of hydraulic fracturing on Khoisan peoples’ sense of place : in the case of Karoo Region, South Africa

Auteur : Tembe, Thandeka

Université de soutenance : Nelson Mandela University

Grade : Master of Science (MS) in Environmental Geography 2022

Résumé
Hydraulic fracturing is a practical solution to minimising production of fossil fuels and to boost the South African economy. However, this development comes at a cost to the society, environment and heritage of the Karoo, which is home to majority of the Khoisan community. Developments such as hydraulic fracturing are barely understood by local communities therefore this study tried to determine the potential impacts of hydraulic fracturing on Khoisan people’s sense of place in the Karoo region, to also establish their perceptions, attitudes, opinion and knowledge on hydraulic fracturing, to facilitate and improve understanding. A mixed method approach was employed to gather relevant information from participants. The qualitative data collection used semi structured interviews to gain participants perceptions, attitudes, opinions and knowledge on hydraulic fracturing, whereas quantitative used questionnaire survey which was administrated to gain socio-demographics and sense of place of Khoisan people (N=50) using survey based psychometric approach to examine the relationship between Khoisan people and sense of place on proposed hydraulic fracturing in the Karoo region (Cradock). Primary data was employed to gain in depth raw data directly from participants and secondary data from literature that already exists. The purposive and snowball sampling technique was used to draw Khoisan participants from the Karoo region (Cradock). Data acquired was analysed using SPSS v26 and Microsoft excel. The results concluded that most Khoisan participants (N= 43) are not aware of what hydraulic fracturing is and therefore there is a need to be taught about the development. The (N= 7) of the participants who have an idea of what hydraulic fracturing is had attended a workshop that was facilitated by the AEON research institute, others learnt about it on the internet and others were informed by someone who either learnt from the internet or attend the workshop. The study also concluded that the Khoisan people have a strong positive sense of place (α= 0.922) with the Karoo region therefore going ahead with the proposed hydraulic fracturing will cause massive damage and could possibly lead to solastalgia and loss of sense of place. vi The recommendation of the study was to involve all stakeholders who will be part of the development of hydraulic fracturing from government, research institutes to oil and gas companies to thorough research, educate and inform local communities in the Karoo. Therefore, it is essential for the government to protect the Karoo culture and heritage, local peoples sense of place by communicating with local communities on such development and assist in holding these companies reliable for any misconducts.

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Page publiée le 13 janvier 2023