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Iraqi Kurd farmers battle drought as Lake Dukan retreats

Phys.org/news (JULY 26, 2022)

Titre : Iraqi Kurd farmers battle drought as Lake Dukan retreats

Farmers in Iraqi Kurdistan seeking to irrigate crops face seeing their economic lifeline slip away as the waters of Lake Dukan recede and dams upstream in Iran stem the flow.

Phys.org/news (JULY 26, 2022)

Présentation
Sesame and beans are being grown on the plain under a blazing sun, adjacent to the lake which is fed by a Tigris tributary, the Lower Zab river which has its source in Iran. The large artificial lake was created in the 1950s following construction of the Dukan dam, to supply irrigation and drinking water for the region, as well as to generate electricity.

But for several years both the lake and the river have been shrinking—as have all of the rivers in Iraq. The country is classified as one of the five nations most vulnerable to the effects of climate change and desertification.Its water reserves have fallen by 60 percent compared with last year, the government says.

With rainfall becoming a rarity and after three successive years of drought, Iraq has been forced to halve the area it devotes to agriculture. Farmers in the area used to dig shallow wells fed by the Dukan so they could irrigate their crops. But not any more.

Source  : Guillaume Decamme

Annonce (Phys.org/news)

Page publiée le 17 janvier 2023