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Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN) 2022

Você tem sede de quê ? O programa de cisternas na promoção da segurança alimentar no semiárido brasileiro

Santos, Christiane Fernandes dos

Titre : Você tem sede de quê ? O programa de cisternas na promoção da segurança alimentar no semiárido brasileiro

You thirst for what ? The cisterns program in promoting food security in the Brazilian semiarid region

Auteur : Santos, Christiane Fernandes dos

Université de soutenance : Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN)

Grade : Doutorado em Desenvolvimento e Meio Ambiente 2022

Résumé partiel
The drought that permeates the northeastern semi-arid region, although it has a natural character, triggers several social, economic and political problems expressed mainly by hunger, migrations, spread of diseases and even deaths. For decades, the discourse on combating drought has been the basis for the design of public policies, however, its results were not enough to solve the problem. At the end of the 1990s, with the strengthening discourse on coexistence with the semi-arid region, the problem of water began to be seen under a new bias, as it was observed that the main cause was not the scarcity, but the forms of distribution, storage and governance of that resource. Within this context, the Articulation of the Semi-Arid (ASA) developed the Formation and Social Mobilization Program for interaction with the Semi-Arid Region : One Million Rural Cisterns, instigating the adoption of the culture of water storage, initially for human consumption, through the One Million Rural Cisterns Program (P1MC) and, later, for food production, through the One Land and Two Waters (P1+2). Thus, the question that guided the study in question was structured as follows : how have cistern programs managed to democratize access to water, guarantee food security and to be a pedagogical instrument for expanding the autonomy of beneficiaries ? Therefore, the analysis was centered on the P1MC and P1+2. The main objective was to analyze how the technologies coming from these programs have favored access to water and food and, consequently, reflected in the food security of the beneficiary families. To this end, this Thesis is organized into four main parts : the first deals with the theoretical and methodological aspects of the research (introduction, theoretical foundation and methodological aspects) ; the other parts consist of the elaboration of three articles whose purpose was to reflect the specific objectives of the research. The first article, entitled “You thirst for what ? Cistern programs in the Brazilian semi-arid region as development devices’’ aimed to analyze the evolution of the implementation process of the cistern programs in the State of Rio Grande do Norte, pointing out the possible implications of the dismantling of this policy for rural families in the Potiguar semi-arid region. Based on a documentary and bibliographic review, the trajectory of execution of these programs was reconstructed and the state of the art was also developed, presenting the possible scenarios and consequences of their emptying

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Page publiée le 18 janvier 2023