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Newcastle University (2021)

Integrated design approach for responsive solar-shadings in double skin facades in hot arid climate

ElGhazi, Yomna Saad Abdelraouf

Titre : Integrated design approach for responsive solar-shadings in double skin facades in hot arid climate

Auteur : ElGhazi, Yomna Saad Abdelraouf

Université de soutenance : Newcastle University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2021

To deliver climate adaptive architecture, current trends in architecture are directed towards dynamic and responsive building skins. ‘Responsive building skin’ is used to describe the ability of building envelopes to adapt in real time in response to external environmental conditions. Recent attention has focused on ‘soft robotics’ approach which uses soft and/or extensible materials to deform with muscle‐like actuation, mimicking biological systems. Material embedded actuation can autonomously alter shading systems’ morphology stimulated by external environmental conditions. Passively thermally‐activated shading systems offer responsive actuation by solar‐radiation and stratified hot air in a double skin façade (DSF) without recourse to energy consuming systems. This research identifies the intersection between bio‐inspiration, folding principles and smart materials to integrate the underlying mechanisms in responsive solar‐shading systems and assesses their environmental performance. The thesis proposes an interdisciplinary mixed methodology linking hands‐on experimentation with environmental performance simulation of responsive building skins. ‘Practice‐led approach’ is used to explore the design potential of responsive systems using smart materials. ‘Computational Fluid Dynamics’ (CFD) numerical methods are used to measure the impact of responsive solar‐shading systems on multiple environmental factors in a DSF cavity. This helps the design decisions, selection and customisation of smart materials. Hands‐on experimentation is used to explore various prototypes, leading to the selection of a folded prototype, to be simulated for environmental performance. Solar‐shading systems are tested within a DSF, in an hot arid climate. Flat and folded solar‐shading devices are installed in a DSF cavity with three aperture sizes (30%, 50% & 70%) to represent the responsive system states. Point‐in‐time simulations are carried at 9:00 am, 12:00 pm and 15:00 pm in peak summer and winter day. The developed analytical design framework presents different design parameters for responsive solar‐shading systems to guide decision‐making in research of climate actuated smart shading systems

Mots clés : Responsive skins, Adaptive facades, Soft robotics, Bio‐inspiration, Origami, Deployable structures, Actuation, Smart materials, Shape memory alloys, Double skin facades, Energy efficiency, Digital simulation, CFD Modelling.


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