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North-West University (2021)

An investigation of circumstantial and durational urban poverty by developing a new multidimensional measure, in the case of Harare province

Gaba, Farai

Titre : An investigation of circumstantial and durational urban poverty by developing a new multidimensional measure, in the case of Harare province

Auteur : Gaba, Farai

Université de soutenance : North-West University

Grade : PhD (Economics), 2021

Résumé partiel
This study investigated circumstantial and durational urban poverty by adapting the UNDP MPI and developing a new multidimensional measure in Harare province. The study divided Harare province into 4 locations which are Harare rural, high density, medium density and low-density locations. The data used in this study was collected using a questionnaire employing a stratified simple random sampling across all 46 wards in all locations in Harare in order to investigate circumstantial and durational poverty in Harare. The study strove to objectively adapt the UNDP MPI and then generate a multidimensional poverty measure specifically for Harare province that can determine circumstantial and durational poverty for the city. Such a study has never done for Zimbabwe and Harare in particular and UNDP in general has not included durational aspect in its MPI. This makes the study unique in its contribution to both theory and practice. The study operationalised two broad objectives : theoretical and empirical objectives. The theoretical objectives were designed to critically review theories of poverty and their applicability in the context of Zimbabwe, to review and critique the existing measures of poverty and their applicability to Zimbabwe, to review theories on trends of poverty and how they contradict each other based on the different measures, to review and critique the existing durational poverty measures and their applicability in Zimbabwe and to review and critique literature on circumstantial poverty. The empirical objectives of the study were crafted to adapt the UNDP MPI and develop a multidimensional measure of circumstantial poverty, to determine the durational urban poverty for Harare province, to compare poverty among the locations in Harare using the developed multi-dimensional measure, to determine the perception of urban poverty in Harare province, to investigate the drivers of circumstantial urban poverty in Harare and ultimately offer recommendations on policies designed to reduce urban poverty in Zimbabwe. Quantitative research design was used and the data were collected using stratified simple random sampling from household heads or their spouses. To enable robustness of the study, a pilot study was administered at 11.4% of the sample target of 400 households. Open Data Kit (ODK) was used to collect data from the sample to the domain server of the study in real time. The study used UNDP MPI methodology to develop a new multidimensional poverty measure for Harare province. The multidimensional poverty measure that was developed for Harare uses household as a unit of identification.

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Page publiée le 24 janvier 2023