Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Master → Turquie → The analysis of climate compatible contemporary residence design approaches and practice examples in hot-dry climatic zones

Fatih Sultan Mehmet Vakıf Üniversitesi (2022)

The analysis of climate compatible contemporary residence design approaches and practice examples in hot-dry climatic zones


Titre : The analysis of climate compatible contemporary residence design approaches and practice examples in hot-dry climatic zones

Sıcak-kuru iklim bölgelerinde iklimle uyumlu çağdaş konut tasarım yaklaşımları ve uygulama örneklerinin incelenmesi

Auteur : BABACAN Büşra

Université de soutenance : Fatih Sultan Mehmet Vakıf Üniversitesi

Grade : Master of Science (MSc) 2022

Problems such as global warming, energy crisis, and ecocide, all of which have begun to increase their effects in recent years, are of particular concern to the architectural discipline, as they are to many other disciplines. Structures that are designed and built without considering climatic and environmental data from the region in which they are located become standardized and lack regional characteristics. This situation exacerbates climate and environmental problems, and the consequences of these problems have a negative impact on human life. Negative developments have pushed the issue of climate-compatible design to the forefront of the architectural discipline’s agenda. Migration to large cities for labor and employment opportunities, particularly after the industrial age, has resulted in overpopulation, and inadequacy of existing housing in these cities, both in terms of quantity and quality. As technology and population growth progresses, so did people’s lifestyles, and a result of the desire for a comfortable life, many residential buildings began to emerge in term of number and typology. It is critical to design and construct residential buildings, which account for the majority of the building stock, with climate compatible design parameters in order to leave a healthier and more livable world to future generations. According to the researches on global warming and climate change, the prediction that the hot-dry climate will prevail worldwide in the future as a result of desertification has revealed the importance of designing residential buildings in accordance with the hot-dry climate characteristics. Climate compatible residence can be described as energy-conserving residences that take full advantage of the regional climate characteristics. These structures, which are based on passive and active systems that are protected from the negative effects of climate elements such as temperature, solar radiation, wind and humidity, or provide maximum efficiency from their needed features, are effective in providing user comfort indoors. Within the context of the thesis study, in the first part of the thesis climate and climate-related concepts are defined and characteristics of these concepts are explained. Climate change and the factors affecting the climate change are discussed, as are international aspects of the concepts of climate crisis, environment and ecology. Following the association of the concepts of climate and comfort, systems that can be used to ensure the balance of the built environment, climate, and comfort are included. In the second part of the study, building design parameters related to the user, external environment, and built environment for hot-dry climate regions were investigated. In the third part, housing, residence and contemporary residence concepts are defined and contemporary residence typologies are classified. In the fourth part, some of the climate-compatible contemporary residence designs built in hot-dry climate regions are evaluated. According to the literature review and application examples, it has been demonstrated that during the design stage of the project, climate data of the region where the residence structure will be located should be analyzed, and design strategies should be developed to protect and/or benefit from the climate effects. At the same time, in contrast to uniform residence typologies, passive and active systems should be included in contemporary residences designed to be applied in hot-dry climate regions, in order to balance the extreme effects of the hot-dry climate, ensure energy efficiency, and benefit from renewable energy sources.


Version intégrale

Page publiée le 26 janvier 2023