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2011

Agriculture Sector Support Programme

Erythrée

Groupe de la Banque Africaine de Développement

Titre : Agriculture Sector Support Programme

Pays : ERITREA
Emplacement : ALL 6 REGIONS (ZOBAS) OF ERITREA

Date d’évaluation : 02/05/2011
Présentation au conseil : 23/11/2011

Agence d’implémentation : MINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Description
The components of the project are : (i) farmland leveling and consolidation ; (ii) water harvesting and irrigation development ; (iii) Crop and livestock development ; farm mechanization and inputs ; (v) natural resources development and management ; (vi) storage, processing and marketing ; and (vii) capacity building.

Objectifs
The programme aims to enhance the sustainability of livelihoods of the rural communities by improving access to infrastructure, mainly irrigation, water supply, electricity etc., supporting application of modern agricultural production technology, better management of soils and water resources as well as improved natural resources management.

Justificatif
Traditional farms, which dominate Eritrean agriculture, are characterized by low use of modern inputs. As a result, yield per hectare, production per person and other measures of productivity tend to be low. Yet as population increases more food is demanded, therefore national agricultural production must increase. Crop varieties/breeds, power sources, methods of improving soil fertility and protection mechanisms available to traditional farms affect productivity growth. It makes sense that with increasing levels of technology and the physical conditions, farmers would gradually become very efficient in their endeavors. In this case, therefore, the introduction of new technology can help to change the production possibilities available to farmers. Moreover, education and training are needed to help farmers learn to adjust resource use to changing conditions so as to maintain their efficiency. If the situation is to improve, the present agriculture production system must change because peasant agriculture can not totally meet the ever increasing food demand of the country. This intervention, however, is not a simple task. It requires time, resources and willingness/dedication. The effort has to first start by reinforcing positive change in traditional or semi-subsistence agriculture. This means the government should intervene in supplying farm support services, paving the required irrigation facilities and improve the level of the farmers’ awareness. Along with this effort, commercial farms have to be developed by focusing on some strategic crops to meet national consumption and industrial demands. Parallel with this intervention, export of premium quality crops to niche markets should be promoted so as to generate funds that will be allocated to import capital goods.

Coûts estimatifs  : Total  : 14.300.000 UAC

Groupe de la Banque Africaine de Développement

Page publiée le 21 février 2011, mise à jour le 1er août 2022