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2003

Local Development and Reintegration (Angola)

Angola

Titre : Local Development and Reintegration (Angola)

Pays : Angola

Lead executing agency : Ministry of Social Affairs and Reintegration

Commissioned by : Bundesministerium für Wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ)

Overall term : October 2003 to June 2009

Context
Since the truce (2002), peace has prevailed in Angola. A great many displaced persons, refugees and demobilised soldiers with their families have returned to their home villages. Their reintegration confronts the municipal governments with major challenges. Local authorities and sectoral public institutions do not have the trained staff needed to plan and implement poverty reduction measures that are effective in the short term and also promise long-term success. Additionally, problems in coordination between muncipal governments, province authorities and sector institutions further delay the development process.
As a result, families do not produce enough for subsistence and are periodically dependent on food aid. Inadequate public services in the health and education sectors lead to a high incidence of illness and illiteracy. Almost the entire rural population live below the poverty line.

Approach
The project is comprised of three components :
1. Enhancement of the technical capacities of local governments, in order to offer better services
Together with the Local Administration Training Institute (IFAL), under the Ministry of Territorial Administration (MAT), the needs for technical training for local government staff are determined. The corresponding training modules are designed and instituted, and manuals are produced. With new expertise, backed up by the use of manuals, the local government staff supported by the programme develop a better understanding of their tasks. They can perform services more efficiently and in conformity with legal requirements.
2. Pro-poor local development planning
The programme supplies methods of participatory development planning and moderates the planning process, which is shaped jointly by representatives of the local population and the local government. The governments use the planning methods and process to formulate strategies for sustainable poverty reduction. Development measures derived in this way, which are supported by local governments and other donors, can achieve stronger poverty reduction.
3. Intensifying smallholder farming
The measures are conducted in pilot regions to serve as models. Advisory content is developed jointly with the state extension service and the non-governmental organisations (NGO) working in the communes. It is disseminated by the state extension service and the NGO. To lower the costs of extension services, formation of advisory groups is sought. The rural population uses extension services to intensify agricultural production, to market production surpluses and to cut post-harvest losses. In this way, agricultural production and productivity can be raised and dependence on food aid reduced

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ))

Page publiée le 28 février 2011, mise à jour le 12 juin 2017