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Decentralisation and municipal development (Burkina Faso)

Burkina Faso

Titre : Decentralisation and municipal development (Burkina Faso)

Pays : Burkina Faso

Lead executing agency : Ministère de l’Administration Territoriale et de la Décentralisation (MATD)
Commissioned by : German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

Overall term : 2005 to 2017

In recent years the process of democratisation in Burkina Faso has made progress. This success is being accompanied by a step-by-step decentralisation reform that dovetails into the Burkina Faso Poverty Reduction Strategy. In this context decentralisation is seen as an instrument to implement good governance.

Decentralisation was extended to cover the whole country for the municipal elections in May 2006. The rural municipalities, more than 300 in total, took part in this process for the first time. This resulted in 13 regional parliaments and 351 local councils in urban and rural municipalities. This new situation is generating considerable political, social and institutional change. Despite declared political intentions, the establishment of citizen-friendly municipal government and autonomous administrative structures is still in the preliminary stages. Moreover, the legal framework is not yet fully in place, which particularly hinders the transfer of competences and resources to the municipalities. Consequently, most municipalities and regional authorities are still inadequately equipped and their administrative and technical competences remain insufficient.

Municipal and regional authorities are able to provide the population with services and infrastructure of improved quantity and quality. This is made possible by effective management of the decentralisation process and through good cooperation between the authorities, state actors and civil society at all levels.

Approach The Government of Burkina Faso adopted its strategy for implementing the decentralisation reform (2006 to 2015) in 2007, with support from this programme.

The main pillars of the strategy
1. Mainstreaming decentralisation in social and political life
2. Transferring competences and resources to the municipal authorities
3. Capacity building among local actors
4. Promoting local development planning
5. Steering and coordinating the reform process

This lays the foundations for development cooperation in accordance with the 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness, although there has not yet been sufficient clarification of all the strategic mutual conditions. The establishment of a permanent development fund to finance regional and local development projects carried out by the municipal authorities will have a key role to play in financing local investments.

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ))

Page publiée le 28 février 2011, mise à jour le 31 juillet 2022