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2000

Mali North Programme

Mali

Titre : Mali North Programme

Pays : Mali
Lead executing agency : Ministry of Environment
Commissioned by : Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ)
Overall term : 1994 – 2009

Context
In the early 1990s two major periods of drought and the accompanying struggle for limited resources, together with unmet demands for self-government in Mali led to a rebellion of the Tuareg, the traditionally nomadic peoples of the desert. In both 1990 and 1994, unrest akin to civil war broke out in the north of Mali. Although the rebels had agreed a peace pact with the government in 1992, the renewed fighting caused over 100,000 inhabitants to flee the region. The unrest virtually destroyed the infrastructure and did enormous economic damage to the regions.
With the support of the Mali North Programme, resettlement of people from the refugee camps was underway by the mid 1990s. At the same time, the various organisations involved in the program gradually began rebuilding schools, hospitals, roads and other parts of the infrastructure, and also supported political stability in the region by promoting local self-government.

Approach
The Mali North programme is a cooperation programme involving GTZ and the KfW Entwicklungsbank (KfW development bank). It includes both advice and management of investments. The programme’s staff work to identify and reduce the potential for conflict and to actively engage people in political decision-making. This involvement serves to promote economic growth and a more equitable distribution of income in future. In order to accomplish these difficult tasks GTZ is cooperating with the population and numerous partners at the local level.
The GTZ is focused primarily on the Timbuktu region. This was the region most severely affected by the effects of the rebellion. Here, for example, GTZ is constructing small irrigation plants in the Niger River valley. Water channelled from the river is used mainly for field irrigation. The measure has been successful in bringing about a sharp rise in agricultural yields. The programme also promotes the setting up of small banks. These give people an opportunity to invest their savings, as well as access to loans for investment, and in so doing they help to stimulate the economy.
In all its activities GTZ has been careful to ensure that local people are involved from the outset and are provided with work and wages, thus giving new impetus to the local economy. This increases individual responsibility and promotes acceptance of the projects. By involving various sectors of the population in the programme’s advisory board and in the implementation of the project, work on the ground serves simultaneously to reduce ethnic conflict and disputes relating to land use and to prevent renewed violent unrest. GTZ also uses its expertise to support other international organisations in Mali. It worked in the early phase, for example, with the UN Refugee Agency. Today GTZ cooperates with the World Food Programme of the United Nations. In this way it is possible to achieve a sensible pooling of development cooperation activities in the country.

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)

Page publiée le 28 février 2011, mise à jour le 6 mai 2018