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2002

Environmental Programme Morocco

Maroc

Titre : Environmental Programme Morocco

Pays : Maroc

Lead executing agency : Ministry for Territorial Development, Water and Environment, local executing association in Mohammedia, regional government office and municipal administration in Tangier

Commissioned by : Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung (BMZ)

Overall term : 2002 to 2017

Context
The destruction of natural resources, air and water pollution in urban agglomerations, obsolete industrial plants, and uncontrolled sewage and waste disposal are slowing Morocco’s development. International environmental conventions, the free trade area with the European Union, and the Millennium Development Goals all call for a solution to these environmental problems. Although companies that are geared to exports must adapt to international environmental standards, governmental organisations and the private sector are still not working together efficiently to develop and implement norms and standards. In the growing urban-industrial centres, municipalities cannot keep up with the environmental protection and waste disposal tasks entrusted to them. On the national level, as on the local level, considerable shortcomings persist in the drafting and implementation of environmental policy and environmental law. The Ministry for Territorial Development, Water and Environment has approved a national environmental action plan to coordinate the freeing of these bottlenecks.

Approach
The programme makes a contribution to this goal in the following activity areas :
1. advising the Ministry for Territorial Development, Water and Environment, Rabat, on environmental policy
2. establishment of a national centre for toxic waste disposal, Rabat / Casablanca (in cooperation with KfW Entwicklungsbank (KfW development bank)
3. industrial environmental protection, Mohammedia
4. municipal environmental protection stressing improvements in municipal waste management, Tangier / northern region.

The programme thus intervenes on all three levels of government administration :
1. On the national level, the environmental ministry in Rabat is advised on designing framework conditions for environmental policy and environmental legislation, particularly with regard to the coordination of national measures on environmental protection and on communication with other sectoral ministries and with Moroccan industry and society. Also supported are cooperation among the Maghreb countries and harmonisation with EU environmental law.
2. The strengthening of institutions with regard to environmental protection on the regional and local levels promotes the practical, on-site implementation of policy, while at the same time making a major contribution to decentralising responsibility and strengthening the role of the municipalities.

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ))

Page publiée le 28 février 2011, mise à jour le 31 mai 2020