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2008

Improvement of water supply (Afghanistan)

Afghanistan

Pays : Afghanistan

Lead executing agency : Ministry of Urban Development, Ministry of Energy and Water

Commissioned by : German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development ( BMZ)

Overall term : 2008 to 2018

Context

Water, especially clean water, is a rare commodity in Afghanistan. Its climate alone makes Afghanistan one of the world’s most arid countries. After nearly 30 years of civil war, water management in Afghanistan is only now gradually being reconstructed. Only one in three households in the capital Kabul, and one in five in the provincial cities, is connected to the often dilapidated public water supply system. Up to 40 per cent of water is lost through leaks in the existing water pipe systems. In many places, governmental structures still lack the capacity to establish needs-oriented water management.

The majority of people, especially the rural population, are dependent on wells and rivers or supplies from water tankers. In many places, the scarce water resources are becoming increasingly overused and polluted. Children especially suffer from diarrhoea and other illnesses, and also from cholera. This situation has a negative effect on the health of the population, and on the country’s economic and political development.

Approach

With project support, the necessary framework is being established at governmental level in the context of water sector reform. Responsibility for local drinking water supply is to be decentralised to make it more customer and needs-oriented. Members of staff in institutions at national level and in the provinces receive training in technical and management responsibilities.

On behalf of BMZ, GTZ supports the establishment of local, economically viable water utility companies both in the capital and in selected provincial cities such as Kunduz, Herat and Faizabad. The protection and administration of water resources in water catchment areas are also central issues. The population must be provided with reliable supplies of clean drinking water at affordable prices.

Pour plus d’information sur le site Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ))

Page publiée le 28 février 2011, mise à jour le 23 juillet 2012