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2008

Sustainable pasture management in the Jergetal and Ottuk river basins, in Naryn Region (Kyrgyzstan)

Kyrgyzstan

Titre : Sustainable pasture management in the Jergetal and Ottuk river basins, in Naryn Region (Kyrgyzstan)

Pays : Kyrgyzstan

Lead executing agency : Non-governmental organisation CAMP Alatoo

Commissioned by : German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

Overall term : 2008 to 2011

Context
The traditional, semi-nomadic herder economy of Kyrgyzstan, which used to be run by large extended families, was replaced in the Soviet Union by a modern form of semi-nomadism, centrally organised in large-scale enterprises. The remote, seasonal highland pastures were incorporated into the infrastructure network, while in the valleys, production of winter feed was intensified. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, large agricultural enterprises were privatised. A lot of smaller businesses developed which had insufficient knowledge of keeping livestock and were unable to maintain the existing infrastructure. As a result, more than half of the pastureland has now become degraded, the areas closer to the villages because of overgrazing, and the more remote highland pastures due to undergrazing. Productive pasture land is one of the country’s most valuable natural resources, playing a key role in economic development, food security and poverty reduction. It is therefore of paramount importance to reduce the degradation of pastures. While industry remains weak and under-developed, agriculture is the strongest sector of the economy. It is dominated by livestock husbandry because of the country’s extremely high altitude. Roughly 60 percent of the population depend directly on keeping livestock in order to eke out a livelihood.

Approach
The project is being implemented in eight villages of Naryn Province by the Kyrgyz non-governmental organisation CAMP Alatoo, supported by GTZ. The villagers are learning to develop and execute a sustainable strategy for pasture management. Pasture committees are being formed, which have decision-making legitimacy. The members receive training in sustainable resource management. A pasture management strategy has been drawn up together with local actors, and includes the alleviation and regeneration of overgrazed areas and the balanced integration of areas that are underused, or not used at all. Land use rights are being re-designed and the production of winter feed especially encouraged. Investments are being made to reconstruct the dilapidated watering systems and to repair infrastructure such as bridges and drinking troughs. In the longer term, access to markets will be improved, to help families escape from the subsistence trap.

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ))

Page publiée le 28 février 2011, mise à jour le 17 juin 2019