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Aalto University (2007)

Lighting and energy usage in Sudan

Amogpai, Ater

Titre : Lighting and energy usage in Sudan

Auteur : Amogpai, Ater

Université de soutenance : Aalto University

Grade : Master’s of Science ofTechnology in Engineering 2007

Energy and lighting can play a crucial role in improving lives of about 37million of Sudanese people. Lack of access to safe, reliable, and environmentally benign energy and lighting is severe constraint on development. The main sources of energy in Sudan are biomass, petroleum, and hydropower. Biomass remains the main predominant source to Sudan’s total energy consumption. At the mid of 1990’s oil has been discovered as a new resource of energy. The major consumers of the total energy in Sudan are the households. Biomass in the form wood, charcoal, agriculture residue, and dung are used for cooking, heating, and lighting. Biogas, kerosene, and LPG are also used for cooking, heating, and lighting in the Sudanese households. About 30% ofthe Sudanese people have access to electricity, mainly in Khartoum, central Sudan, and some isolated towns. The rest ofthe population lives in mral and remote areas. They depend on biomass, diesel, kerosene, and candles for lighting. This work gives an overview on the lighting and energy usage in Sudan. Present and alternative sources of energy and lighting are explained. Renewable and biomass energy technology are proposed to provide clean and reliable source of energy for the Sudanese population. Combining LEDs with renewable energy technology can contribute to reduce the use of biomass and fuel based lighting, as well as reducing indoor air pollution in the households of rural and remote areas of Sudan.

Mots clés :  : Sudan, energy consumption, energy resources, lighting, mitigation measures, LEDs


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