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Belgrade Metropolitan University (2020)

Socio-economic determinants and paradigmes of sustainable development of Libya

Seliman Elazabi, Mounira

Titre : Socio-economic determinants and paradigmes of sustainable development of Libya

Auteur : Seliman Elazabi, Mounira

Université de soutenance : Belgrade Metropolitan University

Grade : Doctoral thesis 2020

Sustainable development is a complex, more dimensional concept. The concept of sustainable development implies balanced economic, social and cultural development without endangering the environment, which will enable future generations to develop at the same or higher level. It is aimed at preserving and protecting the environment and on the rational use of natural wealth of the state and related to raising the quality of the environment and quality of life. In order to achieve sustainable development, it is necessary to establish new social values that are based on knowledge, creativity and ability of human resources in a word of creating quality management with the tendency to transform the society so far into the learning society. The concept of sustainable development implies fostering learning and knowledge. Non-rational and irresponsible use of natural resources has caused catastrophic pollution of air, water and land. A large number of pollutants around the world have led to global changes : ozone depletion, climate change, biological disorders, the disappearance of many species of flora and fauna. However, the last decades of the twentieth century marked significant efforts to preserve and improve the rather degraded environment. Many projects and strategies have been designed, in all areas of human activity, as well as in agriculture, which will help reduce environmental pollution to the borders of the norm. The subject of this dissertation is the socio economic determinants and paradigms of sustainable development in Libya. If the determinants of sustainable development are well recognized and define, then it is possible to establish an appropriate model (models), sustainable development of Libya. The concept of sustainable development must improve social inequalities and environmental damage, while maintaining a sound economic basis. Preserving natural capital is essential for sustainable economic production and intergenerational equity. From an ecological perspective, both the population and the total demand for resources should be limited in size, and the ecosystem integrity and species diversity should be maintained. Social equity, the fulfillment of basic health and educational needs, and the participatory character of democracy are key elements of development and are linked to environmental sustainability. Taken together, these principles clearly point to new guidelines for process development. One of the ways to contribute to the preservation of natural infections is the ecological system of food production, that is, organic farming. This mode of production works in accordance with the principles of sustainable development. The general hypothesis that if they are well recognized and define the determinants of sustainable development then it is possible to establish the appropriate model (models), sustainable development of Libya. Of course, all actors from the Government of Libya to the local population should be involved. Before that, it is necessary to look at the necessary conditions, which implies the cessation of all types of divisions in Libya. Then it is necessary to analyze the existing situation of all determinants, to make preparations, to take appropriate measures, to implement previously prepared plans, and finally to make decisions that will support sustainable development in Libya at all levels from local to national. In doing so, it is necessary to start from smaller goals because the goals of sustainable development are higher, they are a bigger obstacle for the actors involved in it, and it is more difficult to achieve them

Mots Clés : ecology, economics, Libya, sustainable development, social equity

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Page publiée le 11 avril 2023