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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Allemagne → 2022 → Empowering sociability potential of urban spaces : Kermanshah city, Iran

Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen (2022)

Empowering sociability potential of urban spaces : Kermanshah city, Iran

Peyman Amiriparyan

Titre : Empowering sociability potential of urban spaces : Kermanshah city, Iran

Auteur : Peyman Amiriparyan

Université de soutenance : Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen

Grade : Doctor of Engineering Sciences 2022

Résumé partiel
The word of Sociability was adapted from a phrase invented by Humphrey Osmond in 1957 when he was observing the effects of environmental change on the interactions of patients in a Canadian hospital in Saskatchewan. He identified two main systems for patterning space ; the first called sociopetal space meaning the spaces bringing people together and provokes social interactions, while the second phrase was called sociofugal space, tending to keep people away from each other and suppress communication. Their researchprovides a scientific platform for those researching the human interaction in space, especially forurban designs, planners and architects. One of the relevant, comprehensive research was accomplished by Edward T. Hall in the book The Hidden Dimension, focusing on the role of human behavior in urban spaces. In this dissertation, the word “Sociability” is adapted from the phrase of sociopetal to explain the effect ofsocial spaces in improving the quality of social life. The case study of this dissertation is in Kermanshah cityin the west of Iran, a metropolis with a population of more than one million people. Empowering the sociability potential of urban spaces in Kermanshah city is a public demand, specifically inthe recent three decades after the Iran-Iraq war. It has been a social demand to revitalize social life sincethe 1990s, but the problem is an unbalanced socio-economic development in different urban districts andon a micro-scale in various neighborhoods in the city, meaning an unbalanced urban development in neighborhoods to shape integrated and segregated neighborhoods often in the adjacency of each other. Thisresearch aims to study the social nature of urban neighborhoods in Kermanshah through a mixed methodology to be able to have a quantitative and qualitative approach for a comparative study based on 136vicinities in the city. The methodology implemented in this dissertation is based on a qualitative, quantitative and practical-empiricalimplementation analysis. This methodology has a multidimensional approach to investigate two theoretical and practical aspects of the issue and to find the way of confirmation of the hypothesis and research questions. The first part of the research belongs to the theoretical aspects of the research or literature reviewand the second part is the practical and empirical aspects of the research


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