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Université Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah (Fès) 2021

Opportunities to Integration of renewable energies in Moroccan agriculture

Mana Abdel Ali

Titre : Opportunities to Integration of renewable energies in Moroccan agriculture

Auteur : Mana Abdel Ali

Etablissement de soutenance : Université Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah

Grade : Doctorat Génie Energétique 2021

Morocco is highly dependent on conventional energy sources and imports, which increase its independence. In this regard, we believe that renewable energies and their applications in agriculture will bring many socio- economic and environmental benefits. Above all, that Morocco is endowed with abundant resources, and technologies are becoming mature, reliable, and profitable. Thus, this thesis explores the possibility of integrating innovative applications of sustainable energies in Morocco, which could contribute to promoting sustainability in the agricultural sector. The overall goal is to identify the nexuses between global environmental concerns and the need for agriculture to continue producing while consuming less energy wisely and producing clean energy. An in-depth study was carried out on water management in agriculture by opting for solar pumping systems. The approach involves a multi-level perspective to capture the potential drivers and barriers of solar pumping in Moroccan agriculture. Three investigations are carried out : an analysis of case studies, a comparative cost analysis, and the detailed analysis (SWOT). The proposed approach can serve as a reference for water management assessment studies in Morocco, in particular for ambitious social and agro-economic development programs in remote areas. This is followed by the study of agricultural biomass and valuation of cogeneration systems. The results of the performance in the region of Sais, showed that alone with the olive tree residues, the included electrical systems have the potential to generate electricity at 254,252 households. Indeed, cogeneration plants offer an LCOE of 15.03 cents/kWh respectively, which is exceptionally competitive compared to concentrated solar technology and fossil resources. This section ends with sensitivity and parametric studies to better highlight operational and financial parameters. It is necessary to select the most influencing effect on the performance indices of the technology. Finally, this work addresses a trans-disciplinary approach that links agriculture, energy, artificial intelligence and sustainability, in order to identify the main guidelines to a clean and secure agriculture.

Présentation (HAL Theses)

Page publiée le 1er mai 2023