Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Projets de développement → ONG/NGO Coopération décentralisée → Ethiopie → Optimizing water use in the Awash Basin


Optimizing water use in the Awash Basin


Titre : Optimizing water use in the Awash Basin

Pays : Ethiopie

Dates : Start date : 1 July 2017 // End date : 22 June 2020

Identification projet : NL-KVK-27378529-PVW4S17012

Programme : Partners for Water (PVW4) – Phase 2, 2016 - 2021

The Strategic Basin Plan of Awash river in Ethiopia reports a significant gap between the available water and the demand, leading to increasing water shortages in the next ten years, The Awash Awash sub-basin is important for supplying water and food to cities in the region. It is also one of the sub-basins most affected by water shortage. Water authorities and water users in Ethiopia lack quantified information on the water availability and its potential impact on water users. This hampers the capability of water authorities to develop a clear legal framework to enforce water allocation. Without such, water users have no incentive to change their behaviour. Unclear mandates and roles of federal and regional governments also hamper effective water governance.

This pilot project is a three tier approach : water information ; :- water governance ; - smart farming. The project will provide insight in the water availability, water demand, and water shortage, now and in the future. We will address the data scarcity by using open data and satellite data, linked to existing models. Relevant data will be disseminated in real time through a water information system, including a web page being accessible at limited bandwidth for selected stakeholders.

Based on this the project will develop : * a water allocation plan to implement a quantified framework for water uses and * a water agreement to improve governmental cooperation on regional level

This development is achieved in cooperation with the main beneficiary and stakeholders and will be embedded into existing governmental structure to strengthen water governance. The water allocation plan will illustrate that current water use is not sustainable. This will be presented and discussed during stakeholder dialogues with water users in the Awash Awash basin, showing the urgency to change water use strategies. The dialogues will be used to assess smart farming options that lead to more efficient water use, while complying to the water allocation plan. The project partners cooperate with two large water users in a selected irrigation system to implement several smart farming water conservation measures, based on information from the water information platform.

Partenaire (s) : Netherlands Enterprise Agency, MetaMeta Holding B.V. (Ethiopa Branch), Metameta Research B.V., Universiteit Twente, HKV Lijn in Water B.V.

Budget Total : €194,030

Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO)

Page publiée le 3 août 2023