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Universidade Federal de Alagoas (2009)

Caracterização tipológica das queijarias artesanais na zona rural do município de Major Izidoro no semi-árido de Alagoas

Mendonça, Ariadne Aguiar Vitório

Titre : Caracterização tipológica das queijarias artesanais na zona rural do município de Major Izidoro no semi-árido de Alagoas.

Semi-arid region of the Northeast, hancrafied cheese factories, archithectonic typologies, Queijo coalho and Queijo manteiga

Auteur : Mendonça, Ariadne Aguiar Vitório

Université de soutenance : Universidade Federal de Alagoas (UFAL)

Grade : Mestrado em Dinâmicas do Espaço Habitado 2009

Résumé
The semi-arid region of the Northeast of Brazil is a place known for its climactic and social difficulties since the colonization period and its main activity is the production of cheese ( queijo coalho and queijo manteiga ). This work is the result of the changes on the structure of the handcrafted cheese factories, especially because of the demanding of the rules concerning hygiene and food safety on dairy products. Its main goal is to identify the typological categories and relate them to the way the handcrafted cheese is made ( queijo coalho and queijo manteiga ), according to the regulations. The rural architecture was based on the connection between the environment built, the productive activity and the culture, in an effort to identify the constructive specificities of the local level. The model called co-evolução was used as the theoretical base. The field research was done in eleven rural cheese properties in the town of Major Izidoro, Alagoas, using physical and photographic data, subsidizing the investigation of productive and spatial. The criteria used were based on the rules of the (BPF). The architectonic cheese typologies were classified in three groups : the traditional (handcrafted cheese), the intermediate (handcrafted cheese or dairy) and the industrial (dairy), in relation to the inside and outside of the property, its composition and its organization. When it comes to the productive aspect, it was taken into consideration that the types of cheese are due to different processes in fabrication. The multidisciplinary theme suggests researches in social areas and in architecture, and it may explore more cheese factories in the state of Alagoas as in other regions of the Northeast.

Mots Clés : Semi-arid region of the Northeast Handcrafted cheese factories Architectonic Typologies , Queijo coalho Queijo manteiga Semi-árido nordestino Queijarias artesanais Arquitetura rural Tipologia Arquitetônica Queijo de coalho Queijo manteiga

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Page publiée le 24 mars 2011, mise à jour le 2 août 2017