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Food and Nutrition Security and Sustainable Agriculture (FNSSA) 2019

IMPRESA : IMproving RESilience to Abiotic stresses in durum wheat : enhancing knowledge by genetic, physiological and “omics” approaches and increasing Mediterranean germplasm biodiversity by crop wild relatives-based introgressiomics

Italy ; Turkey ; Tunisia ; Algeria

Long-term Europe-Africa Research and Innovation Partnership for Food and Nutrition Security and Sustainable Agriculture

Titre : IMPRESA : IMproving RESilience to Abiotic stresses in durum wheat : enhancing knowledge by genetic, physiological and “omics” approaches and increasing Mediterranean germplasm biodiversity by crop wild relatives-based introgressiomics

Pays/Région : Italy ; Turkey ; Tunisia ; Algeria

Date : Start date 2019-09-01 End date 2022-08-31

Identifiant : 188-IMPRESA
Type de projet : Applied research project

Contexte
Sustainable production and management of biological resources are key agricultural drivers within a changing world. To ensure adequate food supply whilst safeguarding the environment, crop performance needs to be improved and environmental challenges (e.g. reduced arable land and water resources, abiotic stress conditions like temperature extremes and drought) addressed. Unconventional breeding strategies are required for a challenge-proof production of durum wheat (DW), strategic commodity and staple crop for countries surrounding the Mediterranean basin, and target species of IMPRESA.

Objectif
As natural diversity of crops, including DW, has been depleted by breeding for high yield under optimal conditions, the overall objective of IMPRESA is to widen DW genetic basis by resorting to wild wheat relatives (WWRs), naturally adapted to stressful environments, hence valuable sources of tolerance genes. Focusing on DW lines possessing variable amounts of WWRs’ genomes and genes therein, the operative strategy will be to integrate extensive trials, under natural (across countries) and induced abiotic stress conditions, with study of mechanisms/genes that increase DW performance under stress. The ultimate goal is to improve knowledge of the processes contributing to drought, heat and salinity tolerance, and to set-up solid bases to exploit the new knowledge and the unique genetic materials through the breeding pipeline, transferring the target traits into country-adapted DW varieties.

Coordinateur : Tuscia University (UNITUS)
Partenaires : Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development (ENEA) Ferhat Abbas Sétif University 1 Scientific and Technical Research Center on Arid Regions (CRSTRA) Center of Biotechnology of Sfax Harran University

Financement principal : Directorate-General for Research and Innovation (DG RTD) (H2020)
Budget : 715 238 EUR

FNSSA project database

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