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Haramaya University (2007)

Major animal health problems of market oriented livestock development in Alamata woreda

Tekle Yohannes

Titre : Major animal health problems of market oriented livestock development in Alamata woreda

Auteur : Tekle Yohannes

Université de soutenance : Haramaya University

Grade : Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM). 2007

An attempt was made to study major health problems of livestock in Alamata Woreda, northern Ethiopia, from December 2006 to April 2007. Questionnaire survey was carried out on 100 livestock owners to collect information on the livestock production system and the major health problems recognized by farmers in the study area and cross sectional study on 841 diseased animals, which constitute 334 cattle, 185 sheep, 173 goats, 56 equines (donkeys and mules) and 93 camels was under taken. During the cross sectional study from the whole diseased animals which were presented to Alamata, Gargelle and Tumga Veterinary clinics, 841 animals were selected randomly from each species and then they diagnosed base on history, general and systemic examinations and laboratory tests to identify diseases (cases) that frequently affect animals in the study area during the study time. The questionnaire survey result revealed that in cattle infectious diseases (47%) is the most important health problem, followed by miscellaneous case (27%) and parasitic problem (26%), in sheep parasitic problems (49%) followed by infectious diseases (27%) and miscellaneous cases (24%) are the common health constraints and similarly in goats the most important health problems were those caused by parasites (42%) followed by infectious cases (38%) and miscellaneous diseases (20%). In equines (donkeys and mules) miscellaneous cases (63%) followed by parasitic diseases (22%) and infectious diseases (15%) were identified. While in the camel the predominant health problems were miscellaneous cases (68%) and parasitic diseases (32%), respectively. In poultry NCD (54%) was the most devastating infectious disease followed by parasites (41%) and predators (5%). Results of the cross sectional study also indicated that septicemic pasteurollosis (19%) in small ruminants, tick challenge (14%) in all species and particularly cattle, traumatic injury/wound (11%) in all species and especially in cattle and camel, LSD (9%) in cattle were the leading cases which were diagnosed from December 2006 to April 2007. During the cross sectional study, it is also pointed out that LSD and pasteurollosis in cattle and small ruminants, respectively occurred as outbreak and resulted in deaths of many animals. The study also addressed that the animal production system in the study area in general is traditional with a number of problems. Most of the respondents complained that animal feed followed by water shortage is serious problem. They also indicated that during animal marketing disease transmission is a big problem.


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