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Haramaya University (2008)

Farmers’ evaluation and adoption of improved onion production package in Fogera District, South Gondar, Ethiopia

ADGO TADESSE MIHIRETU

titre : Farmers’ evaluation and adoption of improved onion production package in Fogera District, South Gondar, Ethiopia

Auteur : ADGO TADESSE MIHIRETU

Université de soutenance : Haramaya University

Grade : MASTER OF SCIENCE IN RURAL DEVELOPMENT AND AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION 2008

Résumé
Onion is one of the most important horticultural crops categorized under root crops. A global review of major vegetables shows that onion ranks second under area cultivation. Ethiopia has an enormous potential for production of vegetable crops in general and onion particular and it is also among the most important export crops. Onion is one of the most important vegetable crops grown in the study area, Fogera. It contributes to the major share of daily cash source. The objectives of this study were : to identify farmers’ evaluation and selection criteria of improved onion varieties disseminated in the study area ; to identify intensity of adoption of farmers in the study area. This study interviewe140 sample households using structured questionnaire and out of the total 140 sample households 10% were women. In this study, data were collected and analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. Quantitative data analysis methods were employed mainly with chi-square, F-test and Tobit model using SPSS and Limdep computer soft ware. In farmers’ evaluation and selection criteria of improved onion varieties disseminated in the study area Bombay red ranks first and Adama red ranks second. Early maturity, good yield, large bulb size, and good bulb colour were the most important traits of improved onion identified as a selection and evaluation criteria in the study area. Result of the econometric model indicated that household head’s education status of the household head access credit, participation in extension event (participation in training and field day), participation cooperative society and frequency of visiting out side his/her social system were important variables which had positively and significantly influenced adoption and intensity of adoption of improved onion production package. Where as, farmers’ perception towards improved onion production technology had shown negative relationship with adoption and intensity of adoption. All most all farmers who adopted improved onion varieties have not implemented the recommended spacing mainly due to its labour intensive practice. The overall finding of the study underlined the high importance of institutional support in the areas of extension training ; strengthening cooperative societies, and improving market condition to enhance adoption of improved onion production package.

Mots Clés : INNOVATION SYSTEMS ; LIVELIHOODS ; CROPS

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Page publiée le 2 avril 2011, mise à jour le 29 décembre 2017