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Stellenbosch University (2010)

Of nature and people : community-based natural resource management and land restitution at Makuleke

Louw, Francois Johannes

Titre : Of nature and people : community-based natural resource management and land restitution at Makuleke

Auteur : Louw, Francois Johannes

Université de soutenance : Stellenbosch University

Grade : Thesis (MA (Sociology and Social Anthropology)) 2010

Résumé
This thesis is an exploration of how a new development culture has been cultivated at the end of the 20th century in reaction to the ‘crisis of development’ and the need to bring relief to impoverished communities in an environmentally sustainable manner. I uncover the key constraints on and opportunities for sustainable development and Community-Based Natural Resource Management that have emerged in land restitution claims in conservation areas in South Africa. I look at how inherited socio-political pasts poise actors and influence the relationships and interactions between them, how the current nature-tourism industry works to the detriment of some and the benefit of other actors in terms of gaining economic success and ultimately how these two factors influence conservation-based CBNRM projects. I examine three cases, namely : the Aboriginal community in Kakadu National Park, the Khomani San in the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park and the Makuleke in Kruger National Park. Through this examination I draw specific conclusions : the repercussions of racial segregation policies puts community actors at a disadvantage when engaging with their partners ; specific dynamics of the tourism industry threatens the success of CBNRM projects because the expected substantial benefits are not always guaranteed ; and the lack of sound local governance impedes sustainable development at community-level.

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Page publiée le 5 avril 2011, mise à jour le 3 juin 2018