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University of the Western Cape (2004)

The dynamics of stakeholder participation in water resources management in Zimbabwe : a case study of the agricultural sector

Kujinga, Krasposy

Titre : The dynamics of stakeholder participation in water resources management in Zimbabwe : a case study of the agricultural sector.

Auteur : Kujinga, Krasposy

Université de soutenance : University of the Western Cape

Grade : Magister Scientiae (Integrated Water Resource Management) 2004

Résumé
Since the early 1990s, the focus of water resources management shifted from technology transfer towards decentralised and user centred approaches. These emphasized stakeholder participation and local organizational development in the form of water user institutions (Clyma, 1989 ; Dube and Swatuk, 2002 ; Manzungu, 2004 ; Kujinga, 2002). During this time period, a number of southern African countries such as Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania and Zimbabwe, embarked on water reform processes (Kujinga and Manzungu, 2004). The government of Zimbabwe introduced stakeholder participation in water resources management through the 1998 Water Act [Chapter 20:24], which replaced the 1976 Water Act. The concept of stakeholder participation was limited to a minority under the 1976 Water Act. The major aim of this study was to analyse the dynamics of stakeholder participation in the agricultural sector during the first five years of the water reform process in Zimbabwe. Specific reference is made to water allocation, conflict management and the payment of costs related to water use. Data presented in this study was collected through the administration of a standard questionnaire to stakeholders from the agricultural sector, and by conducting unstructured interviews with various government officials and representatives of the Middle Manyame Subcatchment Council and attendance of stakeholder meetings. The major findings of the study are : (1) the majority of stakeholders in the agricultural sector do not have knowledge about water management transformation (2) stakeholders in the agricultural sector are not participating in water allocation (3) the majority of irrigators are not paying for water, nor participating in determining the rates that should be paid (4) stakeholders in the Middle Manyame Subcatchment Council have not had an opportunity to resolve water issues. The study recommends that the water reform process be communicated to all the stakeholders, enabling them to effectively participate in water resources management. The other conclusion reached in this study is that stakeholders from all categories should be organized at the grassroots level, to allow for participation in water allocation and conflict management.

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