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Linking institutional partnerships, community groups and rural livelihood improvement in Kenya

Amudavi, David

Titre : Linking institutional partnerships, community groups and rural livelihood improvement in Kenya

Auteur : Amudavi, David

Université de soutenance : CORNELL UNIVERSITY

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 2005

The purpose of this study was to explore the extent to which social capital accessed through group participation contribute to better household economic welfare and adoption of improved natural resource management practices. A focus on groups and partnerships, with relevance to social and economic development in Kenya, raised two central questions addressed in this study. First, how can outside institutions effectively partner with rural groups to allow broader access to by rural households ? Second, do effective partnership modalities depend on the nature of rural groups ? Data were collected in three Districts in Kenya : Vihiga, Baringo and Embu through a triangulation strategy using focus group discussions, a semi structured interview and a survey. Results indicate that group participation matters materially to outcomes (income, assets and adoption of improved NRM technology), but not all types matter equally. Supra groups are more beneficial as these groups presently function in providing and expanding the opportunities that people have to improve the quality of their lives. But it is mainly the wealthy that participate in supra groups and enjoy the benefits of participation. Not all groups equally have successful economic outcomes, especially where economic resources are required. Local groups currently generate mainly social benefits. The range of services offered by a group adds value, so task specialization does not seem advisable. Groups do better generating these benefits when they are stable, work in synergy with others and face some competition. Partnerships matter to performance of rural groups in offering a range of services. Not all group types are equally likely to spawn partnerships, however. Partnership building is more likely in supra groups making them get more value out of collaborations. There remains untapped potential in these groups that could be realized through targeted partnerships and those gaps are likewise greatest with supra groups. The main gap comes from the need to improve access to finance necessary to invest and expand productive assets. This gap also comes from the need to establish a coordinating mechanism that identifies potential partners and groups and facilitates allocation of responsibilities and resources

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Page publiée le 4 novembre 2011, mise à jour le 26 décembre 2018