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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Pays-Bas → 2011 → Civil society in urban sanitation and solid waste management : the role of NGOs and CBOs in metropolises of East Africa

Wageningen University (2011)

Civil society in urban sanitation and solid waste management : the role of NGOs and CBOs in metropolises of East Africa

Tukahirwa Judith Tumusiime

Titre : Civil society in urban sanitation and solid waste management : the role of NGOs and CBOs in metropolises of East Africa

Auteur : Tukahirwa Judith Tumusiime

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : PhD thesis 2011

Résumé partiel
Urban sanitation and solid waste management are among the most significant factors that affect the poor in developing countries and contribute to their sustained poverty. It is the poorest people, particularly children, who suffer most from weak or non-existent services, through illness, distress and many early and preventable deaths. This intolerable state of affairs is caused by a combination of political, socio-economic, cultural, and technological aspects. In recent years, sanitation and solid waste management have received increasing attention as shown in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which aim at halving the proportion of the population without access to sustainable basic sanitation by 2015 and at achieving significant improvements in the lives of slum-dwellers by 2020 (MDG Goal 7). Today, with less than five and ten years to fulfill these targets,when compared to other developing continents, Africa is lagging behind and there is need for effective action to address this challenge. This research is placed within this debate and tries to contribute to achieving the aim of universal access to sanitation and solid waste management services. The focus is on the role of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and community-based organizations (CBOs) in urban slums of East Africa because these organizations are considered key players in the provision of sanitary and solid waste disposal services in such areas and yet their work has not been critically assessed. Two main questions were addressed ; (i) In what ways are NGOs/CBOs participating in the development and implementation of sanitation and solid waste management and what are the key factors influencing their participation ? (ii) How and to what extent are the sanitation and solid waste management activities of NGOs/CBOs sustainable ; accessible to the poor ; and flexible and resilient under changing socio-political, institutional and economic conditions ? The conceptual framework developed for answering these research questions was based on the Modernized Mixtures Approach and several other theories (such as partnership paradigm, social network theory and institutional pluralism) that serve to explain key factors influencing the role of NGOs/CBOs in such activities.

Mots clés : civil society / sanitation / waste management / non-governmental organizations / community involvement / urban society / low income groups / environmental policy / towns / east africa / uganda

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Page publiée le 14 novembre 2011, mise à jour le 30 mai 2022