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University of Guelph (1999)

Agropastoral community livelihood strategies and natural resource management, a case study in Senegal

Marcoux, Shantelle

Titre : Agropastoral community livelihood strategies and natural resource management, a case study in Senegal

Auteur : Marcoux, Shantelle

Université de soutenance : University of Guelph

Grade : Master of Science 1999

Résumé
"The present thesis is an investigation of the patterns and rationale for natural resource and rangeland management practiced by men and by women of a pastoral community, changes in the patterns and rationales, and the impact caused by external and internal forces. In addition, based upon the evaluation of natural resource and rangeland management identified, the thesis examines men’s and women’s livelihood and coping strategies. A qualitative methodology was employed to gather data using Participatory Rapid Appraisal techniques in the study area. Fieldwork was conducted in 2 phases. The first phase, the Study Site Preparation, aimed to secure agreement and participation by the target population. In the second phase, Data Collection, data was collected using a variety of participatory techniques to derive descriptive and analytical data. The data collected in the selected study area provided information on the description of the environment and its multiple uses in relations to natural resource and rangeland management as well as information regarding the gender division of labour. In addition, field research was able to determine the mix of seasonal livelihood strategies by gender group in good, average and poor rainfall years. Furthermore, the study determined the mix of seasonal coping strategies adopted by pastoral men and women in two or more consecutive poor rainfall years. In the end, the study demonstrates that there is a structured pattern of livelihood and coping strategies adopted by the pastoral community in order to ensure an adequate food supply and household income."

Mots Clés : Urban planning ; Area planning & development ; Range management ; Environmental science ; Agricultural economics ; Natural resources ; Studies

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Page publiée le 22 novembre 2011, mise à jour le 4 février 2018