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Accueil du site → Master → Afrique du Sud → 2010 → Geology and emplacement controls of the Stinkbank granite in the south Central Zone of the Pan-African Damara Belt, Namibia

University of Stellenbosch (2010)

Geology and emplacement controls of the Stinkbank granite in the south Central Zone of the Pan-African Damara Belt, Namibia

Vietze, Martin Ernst

Titre : Geology and emplacement controls of the Stinkbank granite in the south Central Zone of the Pan-African Damara Belt, Namibia

Auteur : Vietze, Martin Ernst

Université de soutenance : University of Stellenbosch

Grade : MSc (Earth Sciences) 2010

Résumé partiel
Regional mapping of the Stinkbank granite in the south Central Zone of the Damara Belt, focused on an area of ca. 150 km2 in the SW parts of the granite along well exposed sections of the Khan River to the SW of the town of Usakos. The granite forms part of the regionally widespread granite suite of Salem-type granites that intruded at ca. 550-540 Ma into amphibolite-facies rocks of the Damara Supergroup. The Stinkbank granite is intrusive into the regional-scale, NE-trending D2 Kransberg syncline, cored by schists of the Kuiseb Formation and surrounded by marble units of the Karibib Formation. The granite comprises three major lithotypes that have intruded in sequence. The earliest granites are represented by biotite-rich megacrystic granites, followed by leucocratic megacrystic granites and a final stage of voluminous, garnetiferous and tourmaline-bearing, medium-grained leucogranites. Contact relationships with the wall rocks are, for the most part, concordant, documenting the largely sheet-like geometry of the granites. Internal contacts between different granite phases are well preserved and indicate that the granites have intruded as shallowly-dipping, largely concordant sheets. Intrusive contact relationships and petrographic and geochemical characteristics indicate that each of the three major granite phases represented a distinct emplacement pulse. Successive emplacement of the granite sheets point to the assembly of the Stinkbank granite from the top down, with younger sheets intruding structurally below earlier emplaced granite sheets.

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Page publiée le 24 novembre 2011, mise à jour le 1er avril 2020