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University of the Western Cape (2010)

Lichen thermal sensitivities, moisture interception and elemental accumulation in an arid South African ecosystem

Maphangwa, Khumbudzo Walter

Titre : Lichen thermal sensitivities, moisture interception and elemental accumulation in an arid South African ecosystem

Auteur : Maphangwa, Khumbudzo Walter

Université de soutenance : University of the Western Cape

Grade : Magister Scientiae (Biodiversity and Conservation Biology) - MSc (Biodiv & Cons Biol) 2010

Résumé
Elevated temperatures accompanying climate warming are expected to have adverse effects on sensitive lichen species. This premise was examined by measuring the sensitivity of different lichen species to elevated temperatures in the laboratory and in the field. Laboratory studies involved the exposure of nine hydrated lichen species (Xanthoparmelia austro-africana, X. hyporhytida, Xanthoparmelia sp., Xanthomaculina hottentotta, Teloschistes capensis, Ramalina sp., Flavopuntelia caperata, Lasallia papulosa, Parmotrema austrosinensis) collected from sites of different aridity and mean annual temperature for 2 hourly intervals to temperatures ranging from 24ºC to 48ºC in a forced daft oven and measuring their respiration rates and maximum quantum yield of PSII. Field studies involved simultaneous hourly measurements of ground surface air temperatures and Lichen effective quantum yield of PSII of hydrated lichen species populations under ambient and artificially modified environmental conditions.

Mots clés : Climate warming ; Diurnal measurements ; Effective temperature ; Elemental concentrations ; Fog and dew precipitation ; Lethal temperature ; Lichens ; Moisture uptake ; Photosynthetic quantum yield ; Respiration

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Page publiée le 24 novembre 2011, mise à jour le 8 juillet 2017