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University of Fort Hare (2009)

Institutional factors affecting the use of communal rangelands in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

Mokhahlane, Mafabia

Titre : Institutional factors affecting the use of communal rangelands in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

Auteur : Mokhahlane, Mafabia

Université de soutenance : University of Fort Hare

Grade : MSc. (Agric Econs) 2009

Résumé
This chapter examines the institutional factors governing the existing patterns of communal rangelands utilization in the Eastern Cape Province of South Africa. The discussion covered various institutional factors particularly those relevant to natural resource management at the communal level. Informal institutions such as customary laws and traditional institutions seem to have gone out of fashion in many places while in a number of communities indigenous institutions still operate but competitions between them and State structures has resulted in conflicts and confusion over definition, responsibilities, management procedures and enforcement mechanisms. A key finding is that lack of government support to communities has resulted in the poor management of resources. The consequence of this has been deterioration of the rangelands and impoverishment of the communities. The indication is that transaction costs and good governance structures are important in the common property institution and high levels of trust and cooperation between members are necessary to reduce these transaction costs. Furthermore, collective action on communal lands enables communities to share ideas on how best to manage their resources to ensure sustainability.

Mots clés : Communal rangelands ; Cultural norms ; Traditional laws ; Traditional religions ; Land degradation ; Rural livelihoods ; Institutional factors ; Natural resources management

Présentation (Research Gate)

Page publiée le 24 novembre 2011, mise à jour le 11 juin 2018