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Accueil du site → Doctorat → États-Unis → 1985 → The socio-economic impacts of Wadi irrigation projects : the case of Wadi Darnah/Al-Fatayah Scheme, Libya

Clark University (1985)

The socio-economic impacts of Wadi irrigation projects : the case of Wadi Darnah/Al-Fatayah Scheme, Libya

Benkhial, Abdulhamed Saleh

Titre : The socio-economic impacts of Wadi irrigation projects : the case of Wadi Darnah/Al-Fatayah Scheme, Libya

Auteur : Benkhial, Abdulhamed Saleh

Université de soutenance : Clark University

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1985

Résumé
The study develops a model of socio-economic impacts in order to assess the changes that have been produced as a result of the development of the Wadi Darnah/al-Fatayah project. In this model, the national goals, project objectives, planning process and changes initiated by the project are described. The research indicates that the lack of public participation in the planning process at an early stage and the communication gap between different project groups produced many problems in the project development. The project activities have affected the wadi residents negatively through displacement of farmers from their land, diversion of water to the project, and trampling caused by recreational activities. Nevertheless, there were also some positive impacts. Among these are : (1) improved highway communication between Darnah and the hinterland ; (2) the creation of a recreational opportunities and (3) the provision of educational and employment opportunities for wadi residents. The development of al-Fatayah scheme on the adjacent plateau also was accompanied with a mix of positive and negative impacts. Among the positive impacts are : (1) establishment of farm houses for the settlers ; (2) provision of farm inputs ; (3) establishment of some social services ; (4) introduction of tree cropping ; and (5) an increase in irrigation in the region. Negative impacts include failure to complete some of the houses, the lack of maintenance, and the absence of a wide range of social services. A major difference has developed between farmers and administrators in their perception of project activities and management due to : (1) the high settler expectations regarding project living conditions ; (2) the lack of farmer participation in the planning process ; (3) the absence of on-project training programs ; (4) the managerial inflexibility of the project administrators ; and (5) the scarcity of water. Unless the negative impacts are mitigated, and the positive impacts are enhanced, the success of the project will be questionable. This can be done by (1) encouraging farmer participation in the decision making process ; (2) establishing training program ; (3) improving al-Fatayah water supply ; (4) introducing water use conservation ; and (5) searching for other water supply alternatives for domestic use in Darnah, such as desalinization

Mots Clés : Irrigation — Libya ; Arid regions ; Libya — Economic conditions

Présentation

Accès au document : Proquest Dissertations & Theses

Page publiée le 2 décembre 2011, mise à jour le 26 décembre 2016