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Accueil du site → Doctorat → Allemagne → 2001 → Intensification of rainfed agriculture in Northern Syria : implications of perennial crops and irrigation on farm-household development

Universitat Hohenheim (2001)

Intensification of rainfed agriculture in Northern Syria : implications of perennial crops and irrigation on farm-household development

Pape-Christiansen Andrea

Titre : Intensification of rainfed agriculture in Northern Syria : implications of perennial crops and irrigation on farm-household development

Auteur : Andrea Pape-Christiansen

Université de soutenance : Universitat Hohenheim

Grade  : Doctor of Philosophy PhD 2001

Résumé
This book presents the results of research carried out in northern Syria on the socioeconomic situation of families in the low-rainfall areas and their attempts to intensify resource use and production processes to secure and improve their living standard. The results are based on a survey of 100 randomly selected farm families ; in addition, a market survey and interviews with credit and extension institutions completed the context in which the families make decisions. The dynamics of the human, natural, and capital resource base and use in the identified farming systems (irrigated system, large rainfed system, and small rainfed system) are analysed. This leads to the calculation of socioeconomic parameters such as education level, farm and family income, household supply, cash balance, credit situation, institutional and village environment. The impact of future development strategies on the resource allocation and livelihood of families in the respective farming systems are also analysed. Results show that the development potential and income effects of intensification measures practiced by the families did not result in the desired income effects. The intensification of production through irrigation technologies increases farm incomes substantially often only for a short period of a few years, but does appear to be a sustainable income source in the future. The effect of diminishing water resources is a problem which Syria share with many countries in the Middle East and contributes to a decline in living standards of the farming families in low rainfall areas. Intensification of resource use under perennial production showed a low potential to improve farm incomes. The book has 6 chapters.

Mots Clés : farming systems, irrigation, Intensification, rain-fed farming, Syria

Présentation (CABI)

Page publiée le 25 janvier 2012, mise à jour le 29 décembre 2018