Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Master → Etats Unis → 1991 → Locational and ecological aspects of peri-urban fuelwood plantations in the West African Sahel

Michigan State University (1991)

Locational and ecological aspects of peri-urban fuelwood plantations in the West African Sahel

Pires, E. Mark

Titre : Locational and ecological aspects of peri-urban fuelwood plantations in the West African Sahel

Auteur : Pires, E. Mark

Université de soutenance : Michigan State University

Grade : Master of Arts (MA) 1991

Résumé
Countries of the West African Sahel are dependent on fuelwood for meeting their energy requirements. Traditional practices of collecting wood from areas surrounding cities and towns have led to large-scale deforestation around many of the region’s urban centers. An often-cited approach to assure urban energy needs, reduce deforestation, and arrest environmental degradation in rural areas is the establishment of fuelwood plantations. The main objective of this study is to examine the conditions under which fuelwood could be produced as a crop in a peri-urban plantation system. Concepts related to Thunen’s model of agricultural land use are employed to determine the best location for the establishment of a fuelwood plantation. Data are analyzed for agricultural crops and a hypothetical plantation representative of the conditions in this semi-arid area. Results indicate that for plantations to be economically viable fuelwood market prices must be substantially higher than current levels. Economic and political difficulties posed by higher fuelwood prices in urban areas render the establishment of peri-urban plantations problematic.

Présentation

Version intégrale

Page publiée le 14 mai 2012, mise à jour le 3 avril 2019