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University of Arizona (1984)

RHIZOBIOLOGY OF THE MESQUITE TREE (PROSOPIS JULIFLORA)

SHOUSHTARI, NASTARAN HAKIM

Titre : RHIZOBIOLOGY OF THE MESQUITE TREE (PROSOPIS JULIFLORA).

Auteur : SHOUSHTARI, NASTARAN HAKIM.

Université de soutenance : University of Arizona.

Grade : Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) 1984

Résumé
A native desert Rhizobium, AZ-M1, was isolated from a nodulated mesquite tree (Prosopis juliflora var. velutina) following inoculation of mesquite seed with a desert soil. This strain and a selected commercial strain (31A5) were used in a greenhouse study to determine their N fixation efficiency against applied N fertilizer. Strain AZ-M1 was a more efficient N fixer than 31A5. The survival rate of the two strains was tested in three different desert soils in a controlled laboratory study. The native strain AZ-M1 grew and survived in the soils over a period of one month. The commercial strain did not grow and the population decreased from 10⁸ cells gm⁻¹ of dry soil to below 10⁴ cells after 14 days. Soil factors affected survival of both strains. The competitiveness of the two strains was compared in a greenhouse experiment. The native isolate out competed strain 31A5 in nodule occupancy regardless of cell number when applied as a mixed inoculant. A high incidence of double occupancy was found in the root nodules when double strain inoculants were applied. The two rhizobia were fast growing rhizobia, lowering the pH of a defined medium. Strain AZ-M1 showed a high intrinsic resistance to 3 antibiotics among 12 tested. Strain AZ-M1 has been shown to be highly effective, fairly competitive and survive better in desert soils than strain 31A5.

Mots Clés : Mesquite. — Rhizobium. — Nitrogen-fixing microorganisms. — Nitrogen — Fixation.

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