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Wageningen University (2012)

The contribution of town functions to the development of rural areas : empirical analyses for Ethiopia

Tadesse, Tewodros

Titre : The contribution of town functions to the development of rural areas : empirical analyses for Ethiopia

Auteur : Tadesse, Tewodros

Université de soutenance : Wageningen University

Grade : PhD thesis 2012

Résumé partiel
Rural areas in many developing countries often lack infrastructure and institutions. However, rural towns and towns possess some of the major functional services that rural and town households can use to advance their economic activities. The study of the contribution that towns and their functions make to different economic activities is still in development. This thesis seeks to add to the literature by addressing the following objectives : conceptually discuss the role of town functions and empirically examine the way they influence income, employment opportunities, rural household crop output marketing and fertilizer adoption and use. We present quantitative results that would help understand and identify the most important functions that contribute to household livelihood activities. The conceptual discussion points out that town functions help households in two ways. One, they bring households closer to employment and income opportunities in towns and further strengthen the linkage through networking. Two, they enable and encourage rural households to participate and intensify crop marketing and fertilizer application. For the purpose of the empirical analyses, data from households in four major regional states of Ethiopia are used. On the one hand, the role of town functions on income and employment opportunities from productive activities were investigated. Results show that some of the major town functions are instrumental in boosting income from productive activities. One mechanism is that some functions (for example, roads, transport services and telephone) enable commuting to towns where non-farm jobs are often concentrated. These functions in addition facilitate flow of (mainly non-farm) employment information and help households take their products to the market at a lower cost (that can lead to higher profits and income). A second mechanism is the way the functions (like electricity and tap water) contribute to the production process in non-farm home-based enterprises and waged productive activities. They help increase productivity and efficiency that eventually contribute to the sustained operations of productive activities, which increase the probability of employment and income from non-farm productive activities.

Mots clés : rural urban relations - towns - utility functions - influences - household income - income - employment - households - agricultural households - crops - fertilizer application - agricultural trade - public services - road transport - telephones - electricity - drinking water - development - economic development - rural development - rural areas - ethiopia

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Page publiée le 20 mai 2012, mise à jour le 29 mai 2022