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2012

National Biodiversity Planning to Support the implementation of the CBD 2011-2020 Strategic Plan in Algeria

Algérie

Titre : National Biodiversity Planning to Support the implementation of the CBD 2011-2020 Strategic Plan in Algeria

Pays : Algeria

Approuvé le : 2012-05-29

Organisme d’exécution : Ministry of Land Planning and Environment (MATE - Ministère de l’Aménagement du Territoire et de l’Environnement)

GEF Agency : United Nations Development Programme

Description
EA Objective : To integrate Algeria’s obligations under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) into its national development and sectoral planning frameworks through a renewed and participative ?biodiversity planning ? and strategizing process, in a manner that is in line with the global guidance contained in the CBD’s Strategic Plan for 2011-2020.

Specific threats to Algeria biodiversity
i. Habitat / land use change disturbances affect all ecosystems and have enormous impacts on biodiversity. Overall, the trend of biodiversity loss affects all natural ecosystems of Algeria. No ecosystem is characterized by a stabilization of biodiversity. Risk factors most important to the loss of biodiversity are represented by different anthropogenic activities : a. Destruction and/or overexploitation of biological resources, overgrazing, expansion of cultivated land, development of the urban framework, developing the work of infrastructure, pollution, tourism, hunting and poaching. b. Of all natural ecosystems, it is the forests and wetlands that are characterized by the greatest decrease in their areas and biodiversity. Over the past 150 years, Algeria’s forests have diminished by 5 million ha and now make up a mere 1.7% (4.2 million ha) of the country’s land area. c. Terrestrial ecosystems less productive, that is to say steppe zones and Saharan zones, are also characterized by a decrease in biodiversity but to a lesser extent. d. Marine and coastal ecosystems face very strong anthropogenic pressures that negatively affect the state of biodiversity.

ii. Over-exploitation of natural resources and fragile ecosystems, and limited non-renewable resources, soil degradation under the influence of agricultural practices, pollution, or natural factors. Only 3% of Algeria’s land area is arable, while 85% is made up of the Sahara Desert. Leaving aside the Saharan area, 20 million ha of the remaining 38 million ha are affected by desertification and a further 12 million by water erosion.

iii. Invasive species : Invasive species have been reported mainly in the marine ecosystem, for instance an invasive alga threatening Posidonia sea grass beds.

iv. Pollution : With regard to the reduction of pollution and its impacts on biodiversity, the national target reflects global targets ; it is part of the current NBSAP ; included in the National Action Plan for the Environment and Sustainable Development ; the Master Plan of Water in the Tourism Development Plan ; and the Master Plan for Industrial and Business Areas. All monitoring networks established by the Ministry of Land Planning and Environment and the National Observatory for Environment and Sustainable Development, the National Center for Research and Documentation for fishing and aquaculture are intended to prevent, anticipate and reduce marine pollution and its impacts on biodiversity. All of these networks are in collaboration with regional organizations, UNEP and FAO, along with MEDPOL, the REMPEC, the CARASP and COPEMED. This collaboration is intended to improve synergies at regional level and to ensure harmonisation of monitoring and technology transfer.

v. Climate change : in semi-arid, arid and desert ecosystems global warming is a real threat, for present and future generations. The regions most critically affected by climate change are the highlands and the steppes. Predicted impacts of the climate crisis by 2030 are : a temperature increase of 1 ° C ; a decrease in rainfall of 15 to 20 % and a shift agro climate of 100 km to the north ; a decrease in solid precipitation (snow) of 50% ; movement, somewhat important, to the north of isohyets, especially in the highland and steppe regions.

This warming and climate change in Algeria will produce dramatic effects on the country’s natural capital such as forests, certain plant species, etc. A loss of biodiversity is expected due to climate stress greater and heat waves and droughts more frequent occurrence resulting in greater fire. To preserve and improve the resilience of the components of biodiversity and facilitate climate change adaptation, the national agricultural development is built on a series of programs tailored to specific agro-climatic constraints of Algeria. A major reforestation program was initiated and a full program of fencing and regeneration of the risk zones is ongoing. In terms of research, all activities have included the effects of climate change for the development of drought-tolerant varieties and water-efficient management. The Ministry of Land Planning and Environment with the Regional Activity Centre for Specially Protected Areas RAC/SPA7 has done a study on the impact of climate change on coastal and marine biodiversity.

Informations financières
GEF Grant : 220,000 USD
Cofinancing Total : 321,600 USD
Project Cost : 541,600 USD

GEF (Global Environment Facility)

Page publiée le 30 juillet 2012, mise à jour le 4 août 2018