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Integrated Semenawi and Debubawi Bahri-Buri-Irrori- Hawakil Protected Area System for Conservation of Biodiversity and Mitigation of Land Degradation


Titre : Integrated Semenawi and Debubawi Bahri-Buri-Irrori- Hawakil Protected Area System for Conservation of Biodiversity and Mitigation of Land Degradation

Pays : Eritrea

Approuvé le : 2011-11-09

Organisme d’exécution : Ministries of Agriculture, Marine Resources, Tourism, Justice, Local NGOs, Community, Northern & Southern Red Sea administrations as well as, academia

GEF Agency : United Nations Development Programme

To establish a national system of protected areas to conserve biodiversity and mitigate land degradation pressures on habitats in key biodiversity areas, initially centred in the Semenawi- Debubawi Bahri-Buri-Irrori- Hawakil Protected Areas Cluster.

Expected Outputs

(1) A National Protected Area Management Unit legally established and provided with systemic capacity to coordinate protected area management, including co-management at a national level (finance, offices, staffing with relevant skills, business plans and work programs, etc.) ; (2) Process for legislation enactment, including gazetting protected areas, institutionalized and lead to formal gazettement of 2 additional protected areas covering 190,770 ha from a baseline of 100,000 ; (3) Strategic institutions with sectoral responsibilities for biodiversity conservation and land use planning (Ministries of Agriculture, Fisheries and regional administrations) provided with capacity to participate in PA management ; (4) Norms and standards guiding the PA management, including co-management produced and adopted by the relevant institutions ; (5) Comprehensive PA management M&E system designed and operational. (6) A National Park/Reserves Board established and provided a legal basis and operational capacity to manage the Semienawi/Debubawi Bahri National Park (100,000ha), the Buri-Irrori Nature reserve (10,000 ha for wild ass), the Green Island, Ras Fatuma and Bera’Soli marine reserves (10ha, 750ha and 100 ha respectively for the protection of marine species breeding grounds) ; (7) National Parks/Reserves Operational Headquarters established and equipped (offices, staff quarters, visitors accommodation, logistics, equipment (electronic radios, vehicles) ; (8) National Parks/Reserves Board staffed with officers with the skills to cover all management and conservation functions (enforcement, policing, reporting, survey/monitoring work, participatory management and climate change risk management) ; (9) Local communities adjacent to the new NP/Reserves provided with awareness, structures and capacity to negotiate and implement co-management agreements ; (10) 10-year business plans for managing the NP/Reserves that includes 3-year general work plans and a private sector engagement published and implementation initiated ; (11) : Active management of the National Parks and marine reserves undertaken (e.g. vegetation restoration, ecological surveys to document species, population dynamics, feeding habits, ecosystem productivity, etc.). (12) Management plans for the PAs formulated and provide the basis for zonation and consolidation into viable management units through co-management agreements and other governance arrangements (13) A system for the effective implementation of the management plans in the sustainable use areas supported including appropriate institutional arrangements for collaboration, consultation mechanisms for collaboration and conflict resolution and mechanisms for surveillance and enforcement ; (14) Local community structures provided with capacity to negotiate and implement co-management agreements ; (15) Norms and standards guiding the co-management of protected areas are produced and adopted by the relevant institutions (16) Communities provided with training and extension services to support adoption of SLM technologies (17) Active management interventions such as surveys conducted to better understand wild life habitat requirements in the context of the total ecosystem (determine wild life ranges and movements, social interaction, survival of individual species, and reproductive and mortality status) ; (18) A system for monitoring biological resources and socio-economic conditions in community managed areas is in place and provides relevant and scientifically-based information on the state of biodiversity and livelihoods in the sustainable use (particularly regarding adaptation, mitigation, conservation and wellbeing).

Informations financières
GEF Grant : 6,028,000 USD
Cofinancing Total : 10,555,400 USD
Project Cost : 16,583,400 USD

GEF (Global Environment Facility)

Page publiée le 31 juillet 2012, mise à jour le 1er août 2022