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2008

Developing basic infrastructure and generating income in rural areas (Afghanistan)

Afghanistan

Titre : Developing basic infrastructure and generating income in rural areas (Afghanistan)

Pays : Afghanistan

Lead executing agency : Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development (MRRD)
Commissioned by : German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)

Overall term : 2008 to 2010

Context
In addition to the structural problems, weather-related disasters are continuing to cause dramatic losses for agriculture. The unusually harsh winter of 2007/08 and the absence of significant precipitation in early 2008 led to harvest losses of up to 80 % in the provinces of Balkh, Baghlan, Faryab, Jawzjan, Sar-i-Pul and Samangan. In the nine northern provinces up to two million people were affected by the consequences of the floods in early 2009.

Objective
The population in selected regions in Afghanistan’s northern provinces have access to a markedly improved infrastructure and basic services vital for survival. They therefore have a strong basis for sustainable social, economic and political development.

Approach
The basic idea of the project is to combine short-term and fast-acting development-oriented emergency aid (DEA) measures with long-term advice and technical cooperation (TC) training measures. In order to help those people affected by emergencies and crises as quickly as possible, TC services, such as advice and training measures designed to achieve structural improvements, are being provided. These supplement the existing high levels of specialist and regional knowledge, and the rapid implementation capability of the personnel involved.
The measures in this project will be implemented in a number of ways : through tried and tested instruments such as the District Development Funds (DDF) and backbone projects – mostly large infrastructure projects encompassing several regions – as well as through advice and investment measures implemented together with Afghan Ministries, other multilateral partners and non-governmental organisations. The key components of support, in accordance with the German Government’s Afghanistan Policy, include methodical, expert and institutional advice as well as the provision of equipment and local subsidies enabling small-scale measures to be implemented at the village level.
A distinguishing feature of the work of this project is the handover of responsibility for reconstruction and development to our Afghan partners. A prerequisite for this is the promotion of good governance at provincial, district and community level as well as the integration of non-state actors. The CDCs (Community Development Councils) set up by the National Solidarity Programme (NSP) are village councils which are involved in the implementation of projects within the framework of cash/food-for-work programmes.

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ))

Page publiée le 19 août 2012, mise à jour le 16 juin 2019