Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Projets de développement → Projets 2004 → Kunduz River Basin Programme : integrated water management

2004

Kunduz River Basin Programme : integrated water management

Afghanistan

Pays : Afghanistan

Durée : 2004/2009

Partenaire : Ministry of Energy & Water (institutional component) ; German AgroAction (GAA) ; Agha Khan Foundation (social water management) ; Concern, MercyCorps, GAA (erosion control) ; Private construction companies (irrigation systems rehabilitation)

Contexte

Deforestation, soil erosion, drought and floods
Decades of war, illegal logging and overgrazing have obliterated all but 3% of the virgin forests of Afghanistan and degraded its rangelands. Lush pistachio woods that used to cover the upper valleys of the Kunduz river basin have disappeared. Without trees andbushes, erosion quickly eats up the soil. Damaged irrigation systems cannot regulate and distribute the flow from melting snows. Peasants’ livelihoods are vulnerable to destructive cycles of extended drought dotted by occasional floods. An integrated water management approach at river basin level was necessary to tackle these issues.

Objectifs

The main goal of the programme is poverty alleviation through food security, aiming at increasing farmers’ income by 15%. An integrated approach to water management is instrumental to improve and stabilise peasants’ livelihoods. It is implemented through five components :
1. Institutional reform creating river basin authorities and planning water distribution ;
2. Rehabilitation of irrigation systems like canals, weirs, intakes ;
3. Community-based social water management to insure an equitable water distribution and improved operational maintenance ;
4. Erosion control in the upper catchments through restoration of forests and rangelands ;
5. Capacity building of the competent authorities at ministerial, river basin and provincial level.

Impacts

16 irrigation systems constructed including 327 km of canals Providing irrigation to 50 000 ha, 25% of all irrigated lands in the basin ; Irrigation benefiting 80 000 families ; 100 000 tree saplings planted on dry slopes ; 3 000 sq km under erosion control treatment

Contribution Union européenne (UE) : €17.8 million granted in 2004-2006 nAn extra €19 million to be contracted in 2007-2008

Lien vers le site UE en Afghanistan

Page publiée le 5 septembre 2012