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Roskilde University (2012)

Fighting Hunger Worldwide ?

Olsen Jonas Manthey and Størner Emil Axel

Titre : Fighting Hunger Worldwide ?

Auteur : Jonas Manthey Olsen and Emil Axel Størner

Université de soutenance : Roskilde University

Grade : Master thesis 2012

Résumé
The 2011 hunger crisis in the Horn of Africa hit the population hard threatening millions of lives. The first warnings came out more but the crisis could not be prevented. The World Food Program (WFP) is the main topic of this paper as it is the biggest agency for preventing and fighting hunger across the globe. The 2011 crisis in the Horn of Africa has made us wonder, what kind of possibilities and obstacles WFP meets in order to fight hunger. Further more a crisis like this tells us something about possible structural problems of the world, as we know it. Based on an Organisational and a English School approach we have analysed and discussed WFP both in terms of its organisation and its political context. It has come to meet demands of extraordinary situations, as the one in the Horn of Africa, both member-influenced WFP and technocratic organised NGOs face severe challenges. This presents possible problems in order to respond timely as member states and donors hesitate to respond due to several reasons. This especially has something to do with internal political conditions and attention in general on Africa. Ethiopia and Somalia has as cased served the purpose to get an idea of the work of WFP in practice. These two cases represent both a somewhat successful case in Ethiopia in order to bring aid and on the same time an unsuccessful case in Somalia, as this country has no functioning state and are in many regions controlled by armed groups. These cases have shown how important the local political context is to WFP, and how great a role the cooperation with a functioning government can be. Furthermore, we have analysed and discussed some of the political context that WFP is a part of and affected by. This tells us that the world in many aspects function in a way that can be explained from a pluralist perspective. As it seems like domestic concerns and maintaining global power structures seems more important in the international society than humanitarian concerns do. The possibility that WFP maybe needs reforms in order to meet reoccurring food crisis and difficult political conditions has been discussed and point to several possibilities. Among these is the need to have more obligatory untied funding in the WFP system, as this will give the organisation a chance to react faster and regardless of the donor’s interests. Furthermore, WFP needs to be clearer in recommending the recipient countries to build institutions and government. However is an important conclusion that the power structures and bias of the international society also affects the WFP to a great extent, and the general exclusion of Africa in a global context is a huge challenge both in order to prevent and react to hunger.

Présentation (Connecting-Africa)

Page publiée le 9 octobre 2012, mise à jour le 5 juin 2018