Informations et ressources scientifiques
sur le développement des zones arides et semi-arides

Accueil du site → Master → Norvege → Introducing geographical information systems for health care in developing countries : challenges and approaches - a case study from Mozambique

University of Oslo (UiO) (2005)

Introducing geographical information systems for health care in developing countries : challenges and approaches - a case study from Mozambique

Ginger, Lúcia Joaquim

Titre : Introducing geographical information systems for health care in developing countries : challenges and approaches - a case study from Mozambique

Auteur : Ginger, Lúcia Joaquim

Université de soutenance : University of Oslo (UiO)

Grade : Master Thesis 2005

Description
The research is based on understanding the challenges related to the design, development and implementation of a GIS tool for health care in developing countries. Specifically, the study analyses how the GIS application developed in one context can be adapted and introduced in the current health information system for decision making support in the process of planning and monitoring of health services. Another objective of the thesis was to analyze approaches to customize and adapt software developed in one country to another country context. The research was conducted in team of three master students within the framework of Health Information System Program (HISP). The research setting was provided by the Community Health Department (CHD), within the health sector of Mozambique. In addition to empirical work carried out in the headquarters in Maputo, field work was also conducted in the two provinces of Gaza and Inhambane in order to answer the two research questions that guided the study, namely : What are the potential challenges to the development and introduction of a GIS application within the health sector in developing countries ? and ; How can a GIS application developed for one context be effectively customized for another ? A case study research design within an action research framework was used with a focus on the Ministry of Health generally, and the CHD more specifically. The challenges experienced during the process were studied using qualitative research methods that helped to inform both the data collection methods and analysis. Participatory action research was used for facilitating the software development through a prototyping approach. The aims of the action research effort were to both enable the practical success of the implementation, and also simultaneously help generate scientific knowledge about these implementation challenges. The adoption of GIS involves the interplay of human, organizational and technical aspects, which cannot be easily separated, and requires them to be considered in relation to each other. Thus, to analyze problems addressed in this thesis, I drew upon theories and concepts in three areas : GIS as socio-technical systems, Information Infrastructure and Actor Network Theory. While the socio-technical perspective helped to provide the broad perspective underlying the research, Actor Network Theory helped to unpack the complexity inherent in such implementation process. Finally, the concepts of installed base and cultivation drawn from Information Infrastructure theory helped to understand respectively the challenges of history in introducing new systems (like the GIS) and (cultivation) approaches to deal with these challenges.

Présentation

Version intégrale (0,943 Mb)

Page publiée le 11 octobre 2012, mise à jour le 13 février 2018