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American University in Cairo (2011)

Political, technical and economical contexts of the government of Egypt’s approaches towards the Nile basin countries

Abdel Monem, Kareem Mohamed

Titre : Political, technical and economical contexts of the government of Egypt’s approaches towards the Nile basin countries

Auteur : Abdel Monem, Kareem Mohamed

Université de soutenance : American University in Cairo

Grade : Masters of Public Policy 2011

Résumé
Economic development and water security is considered one of the toughest equations to answer, when it comes to transboundary water management. The case in the Nile Basin reflects such conflict, where most of the Nile Basin countries are considered within the poorest countries in the world and are facing a major hydro-hegemony, especially between Egypt and Sudan. In 2010, the whole scene in the Nile Basin has changed, with the signing of the new Cooperative Framework Agreement by five riparian countries (Ethiopia, Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya and Rwanda), without the approval of Egypt and Sudan. Through my thesis, I tried to understand and plot the possible political, technical and economic approaches for Egypt towards Nile Basin and the level of coordination between the different Egyptian actors involved in the dealing with the Nile Basin. In my thesis, I am focusing on the period of 2000-2011, which includes the launching the Nile Basin Initiative, signing the new CFA and the post-25 January revolution. Quantitative methods were used investigate the economic development indicators in the Nile Basin. Qualitative tools such as interviews and Wikileaks documents were used to investigate the possible changes in the Egyptian government approaches towards the Nile Basin countries, either in the policies or the actors. Some of the recommended solutions include encouraging the private sector participation in the cooperation between Egypt and the Nile Basin countries and setting an integrated policy towards the Nile Basin countries.

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Page publiée le 15 octobre 2012, mise à jour le 3 novembre 2017