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Freie Universität Berlin (2009)

Waldmanagement in der Mongolei

Wyss, Daniel

Titre : Waldmanagement in der Mongolei

Forest management in Mongolia

Auteur : Wyss, Daniel

Université de soutenance : Freie Universität Berlin

Grade : Dr. rer. Nat 2009

Résumé
Since the transition to a market economy in 1990, Mongolia has experienced drastic socio-economic changes, leading to an increase in poverty and unemployment, and a social stratification within Mongolian society with disparities between rural and urban areas. The current situation puts increasing anthropogenic pressure on natural resources, seriously affecting the forests of northern Mongolia. The effective management of resources, together with the establishment of sustainable planning strategies, are being hindered by the decentralization and erosion of forest administration. In addition political deficits, insufficient educational methods and outdated forest management have resulted in a lack of up-to-date thematic maps, and unreliable statistics on forest resources. Besides institutional reforms in the forestry sector, and improvements in education, urgent strategic measures must be taken to secure the standardization and quality of forestry procedures. This thesis describes the scope for using GIS-supported methods to produce a qualitative and quantitative survey of forest resources in Mongolia, based on multitemporal satellite imagery. The methodology was practiced in selected areas of the east and west buffer zone of the Khan Khentii Special Protected Area in cooperation with the GTZ, the National University of Mongolia (NUM) and the former Forest Management Centre (FMPC) in Ulaanbaatar, as part of an educational scheme for training local experts. The objective was to investigate, quantify, classify and monitor existing forest resources using multitemporal satellite imagery, with an emphasis on technical support and capacity building in the fields of GIS and remote sensing. The work procedures thus developed are presented as a basis for creating a consistent data bank to support the functional planning of forest resources and nature conservation, and boost management capacity on all administrative levels.

Mots Clés : Mongolia Forest management Development cooperation GIS remote sensing

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